Black and Hispanic adults are more likely than whites to say they feel a need to change the way they talk around people of other races and ethnicities.
A majority of Americans have heard about the use of gender-neutral pronouns, and about one-in-five personally know someone who goes by such pronouns.
As of 2017, 19% of the national immigrant population lives in the top five counties: Los Angeles County, Calif.; Miami-Dade County, Fla.; Harris County, Texas; Queens County, N.Y. and Cook County, Ill.
In 2016, a third of unauthorized immigrant adults were proficient in English – up from a quarter in 2007.
English language learners in U.S. K-12 public schools are a diverse group from many different states and native language backgrounds.
A median of 92% of European students are learning a language in school. Far fewer K-12 students in the U.S. participate in foreign language education.
The share of Latino parents who ensure the Spanish language lives on with their children declines as their immigrant connections become more distant.
High intermarriage rates and declining immigration are changing how some Americans with Hispanic ancestry see their identity. Most U.S. adults with Hispanic ancestry self-identify as Hispanic, but 11%, or 5 million, do not.
Spanish speaking at home has declined in the top 25 metros with the largest Hispanic populations.
The share of U.S. Latinos who speak the language has declined over the past decade or so: 73% of Latinos spoke Spanish at home in 2015, down from 78% in 2006.