Amid rising inequality, many Americans feel that the U.S. economic system is unfair and generally favors powerful special interests.
Dissatisfaction with the functioning of democracy is linked to concerns about the economy, the pandemic and social divisions.
Despite improvements in recent decades, the former East Germany trails the former West on several important economic measures.
Read key takeaways from a new survey that explores European attitudes three decades after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.
Thirty years ago, a wave of optimism swept across Europe as walls and regimes fell, and long-oppressed publics embraced open societies, open markets and a more united Europe. Three decades later, a new Pew Research Center survey finds that few people in the former Eastern Bloc regret the monumental changes of 1989-1991.
For many, “socialism” is a word that evokes a weakened work ethic, stifled innovation and excessive reliance on the government. For others, it represents a fairer, more generous society.
Republicans express intensely negative views of “socialism” and very positive views of “capitalism.” Majorities of Democrats view both terms positively.
Many Russians say the collapse of the Soviet Union has been a bad thing for their country. Nostalgia for the Soviet past also extends to views of Josef Stalin.
Religion has reasserted itself as an important part of individual and national identity in many places where communist regimes once repressed religious worship and promoted atheism.
Despite some reforms, the island country's economy remains dominated by the government and state-owned enterprises.