79 countries and territories out of the 198 studied around the world (40%) had laws or policies in 2019 banning blasphemy.
Around a fifth (21%) of the 198 countries evaluated banned at least one religion-related group in 2019, our analysis found.
For more than a decade, Pew Research Center has been tracking global patterns in restrictions on religion – both those imposed by governments and hostilities committed by individuals and social groups.
Social hostilities around the world involving religion declined in 2019 to the lowest level in five years.
Social hostilities involving religion, including violence and harassment against religious groups by private individuals and groups, declined in 2019, according to Pew Research Center’s 12th annual study of global restrictions on religion, which examines 198 countries and territories.
Indians see religious tolerance as a central part of who they are as a nation. Across the major religious groups, most people say it is very important to respect all religions to be “truly Indian.”
Women in 56 countries experienced social hostilities due to clothing that was deemed to violate religious or secular dress norms.
Government restrictions in 2018 were at their highest level since 2007, when Pew Research Center began tracking these trends.
In 2018, the global median level of government restrictions on religion – that is, laws, policies and actions by officials that impinge on religious beliefs and practices – continued to climb, reaching an all-time high since Pew Research Center began tracking these trends in 2007.
The religiously unaffiliated were harassed by governments, private groups or both in 23 countries in 2017, up from 14 the previous year.