6 facts about English language learners in U.S. public schools
English language learners in U.S. K-12 public schools are a diverse group from many different states and native language backgrounds.
Most European students are learning a foreign language in school while Americans lag
A median of 92% of European students are learning a language in school. Far fewer K-12 students in the U.S. participate in foreign language education.
Most Hispanic parents speak Spanish to their children, but this is less the case in later immigrant generations
The share of Latino parents who ensure the Spanish language lives on with their children declines as their immigrant connections become more distant.
Hispanic Identity Fades Across Generations as Immigrant Connections Fall Away
High intermarriage rates and declining immigration are changing how some Americans with Hispanic ancestry see their identity. Most U.S. adults with Hispanic ancestry self-identify as Hispanic, but 11%, or 5 million, do not.
Spanish language use in major U.S. metro areas
Spanish speaking at home has declined in the top 25 metros with the largest Hispanic populations.
Use of Spanish declines among Latinos in major U.S. metros
The share of U.S. Latinos who speak the language has declined over the past decade or so: 73% of Latinos spoke Spanish at home in 2015, down from 78% in 2006.
Statistical Portrait of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States
There were a record 43.2 million immigrants living in the U.S. in 2015, making up 13.4% of the nation’s population. This represents a fourfold increase since 1960, when only 9.7 million immigrants lived in the U.S.
More voters will have access to non-English ballots in the next election cycle
New census data show that 263 counties, cities and other jurisdictions in 29 states will now be required to print election ballots in non-English languages.
The challenges of translating the U.S. census questionnaire into Arabic
In 2020, census questionnaires may for the first time be offered in Arabic, now the fastest-growing language in the U.S. But the Census Bureau faces a challenge not only in translating the language but also in adjusting the appearance of the questionnaire for those accustomed to reading and writing Arabic script.
The Nation’s Latino Population Is Defined by Its Youth
Nearly six-in-ten U.S. Hispanics are Millennials or younger, making them the youngest major racial or ethnic group in the United States. In 2014, the median age of Hispanics was just 28 years.