Pew Research Center survey reports, demographic studies and data-driven analysis
Global Uptick in Government Restrictions on Religion in 2016
Restrictions on religion increased in 2016 for the second straight year. Nationalist parties and organizations played an increasing role in harassment of religious minorities, especially in Europe.
The Age Gap in Religion Around the World
Young adults tend to be less religious than their elders by several measures; the opposite is rarely true. This pattern holds true across many countries that have different religious, economic and social profiles.
Being Christian in Western Europe
The majority of Europe’s Christians are non-practicing, but they differ from religiously unaffiliated people in their views on God, attitudes toward Muslims and immigrants, and opinions about religion’s role in society.
When Americans Say They Believe in God, What Do They Mean?
Nine-in-ten Americans believe in a higher power, but only a slim majority believe in God as described in the Bible
Pope Francis Still Highly Regarded in U.S., but Signs of Disenchantment Emerge
American Catholics continue to have a favorable opinion of Francis. Yet there are signs of growing disenchantment with the Argentine pontiff, particularly among Catholic Republicans.
Americans Say Religious Aspects of Christmas Are Declining in Public Life
Most U.S. adults believe the religious aspects of Christmas are emphasized less now than in the past – even as relatively few are bothered by this trend.
Europe’s Growing Muslim Population
Three scenarios illustrate what the Muslim population could look like in Europe in 2050. Even with no new migration, Muslims are projected to increase as a share of Europe’s population.
Orthodox Christianity in the 21st Century
Concentrated in Europe, Orthodox Christians have declined as share of the global Christian population, from 20% in 1910 to 12% today. But the Ethiopian community is highly observant and growing.
Many Countries Favor Specific Religions, Officially or Unofficially
Islam is the most common state religion, but many governments give privileges to Christianity.
After 500 Years, Reformation-Era Divisions Have Lost Much of Their Potency
As Protestants prepare to mark the 500th anniversary of the Reformation, two new surveys show the theological differences that split Western Christianity in the 1500s have diminished.