In 21 states, the $7.25 federal minimum wage applies. In 29 states and the District of Columbia, minimum wages range from $8.25 to $16.39.
The shift has been most notable in jobs that prioritize analytical skills, such as science and math, or fundamental skills, such as writing.
There is a growing need for high-skill workers in the U.S., and this has helped to narrow gender disparities in the labor market.
To mark Labor Day, here's what we know about who American workers are, what they do and the U.S. working environment in general.
Democrats are largely united in backing a $15 an hour federal minimum wage. Republican opinion on this issue is more divided.
The majority of Baby Boomers are still in the labor force: In 2018, 53% of adults ages 54 to 72 were still working or looking for work.
Classes have ended for the summer at U.S. public schools, but a sizable share of teachers are still hard at work at second jobs outside the classroom.
The share of U.S. teens working during the summer has tumbled since 2000: Only about a third of teens had a job last summer.
This year will likely be the first year in which women are a majority of the U.S. college-educated labor force.
Nearly as many U.S. adults prefer to get local news online as through a TV set. And while Americans prize community connection from their local news providers, they are largely unaware of the financial challenges they face.