This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals:

Research team

Carroll Doherty, Director, Political Research
Jocelyn Kiley, Associate Director, Political Research
Baxter Oliphant, Senior Researcher
Hannah Hartig, Senior Researcher
Gabe Borelli, Research Associate
Andrew Daniller, Research Associate
Ted Van Green, Research Analyst
Andy Cerda, Research Assistant
Shanay Gracia, Research Assistant

Amina Dunn, Former Research Analyst
Katy Lin, Former Research Intern

Communications and editorial

Nida Asheer, Senior Communications Manager
Talia Price, Communications Associate
Caleb Keller, Communications Assistant
Jayme Link, Communications Assistant
David Kent, Senior Copy Editor

Rachel Lim, Former Communications Intern

Graphic design and web publishing

Alissa Scheller, Information Graphics Designer
Reem Nadeem, Associate Digital Producer


Andrew Mercer, Senior Research Methodologist
Dorene Asare-Marfo, Panel Manager
Dana Popky, Associate Panel Manager
Arnold Lau, Research Methodologist

Pew Research Center is also grateful to Jennifer Wolak, a professor in the Department of Political Science at Michigan State University, for discussing her work on attitudes about government with the research team.