Korean population in the U.S., 2000-2019

Year Population
2000 1,228,000
2010 1,707,000
2015 1,822,000
2019 1,908,000

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English proficiency of Korean population in the U.S., 2019

Category English proficient
All 67%
U.S. born 94%
Foreign born 50%
Adults 62%
All Asians 72%

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Length of time in the U.S. for Korean immigrants, 2000-2019

Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 38% 62%
2010 34% 66%
2015 26% 74%
2019 20% 80%

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Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 44% 56%
2010 36% 64%
2015 34% 66%
2019 34% 66%

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Educational attainment of Korean population in the U.S., 2019

Category High school or less Some college Bachelor's degree Postgrad degree
All 23% 20% 35% 22%
U.S. born 13% 24% 39% 24%
Foreign born 26% 19% 34% 21%
All Asians 27% 19% 30% 24%
All Americans 39% 29% 20% 13%

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U.S. Korean population living in poverty, 2019

Group All Americans All Asians All Koreans
All 13% 10% 11%
U.S. born 13% 9% 9%
Foreign born 14% 11% 12%

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Top 10 U.S. metropolitan areas by Korean population, 2019

Metro area Korean population
Los Angeles 326,000
New York 220,000
Washington 96,000
Seattle 67,000
Chicago 62,000
San Francisco 60,000
Atlanta 51,000
Philadelphia 42,000
Dallas 41,000
San Jose, CA 36,000

Pew Research Center

Demographic characteristics of U.S. Korean population, 2019

% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Koreans in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN AGE (in years) 34 36 20 48
AGE
Younger than 5 7 6 13 <0.5
5-17 17 16 33 4
18-29 18 17 24 12
30-39 17 16 17 16
40-49 14 16 8 21
50-64 16 17 4 26
65+ 11 12 1 20
NATIVITY
U.S. born 43 41
Foreign born 57 59
YEARS IN U.S. (among foreign born)
0-5 years 21 12
6-10 years 13 8
11-15 years 11 11
16-20 years 12 12
21+ years 44 57
CITIZENSHIP (among foreign born)
U.S. citizen 59 64
Not a U.S. citizen 41 36
MARITAL STATUS (18 and older)
Married 59 56 34 65
Divorced/Separated/Widowed 11 12 7 14
Never married 30 32 59 21
FERTILITY (among women ages 15 to 44)
Women who have given birth in the past 12 months 6 5 4 5
HOUSEHOLD TYPE, BY PERSONS
Married-couple household 71 69 69 69
Other family household 13 13 14 12
Non-family household 15 18 18 19
IN A MULTIGENERATIONAL HOUSEHOLD
Multigenerational household 27 20 17 22

Note: Family households are those with a household head and one or more persons living in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Households with a household head and an unmarried partner are only considered family households if there are other persons in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Multigenerational households are households with two or more adult generations or one that includes grandparents and grandchildren. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Figures for Koreans and all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2017-2019 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center

Economic characteristics of U.S. Korean population, 2019

% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Koreans in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME $85,800 $72,200 $88,100 $68,000
MEDIAN ANNUAL PERSONAL EARNINGS (ages 16 and older with positive earnings)
All $40,000 $40,000 $40,000 $42,000
Full-time, year-round workers $60,000 $60,000 $60,000 $59,000
EMPLOYMENT STATUS (civilians ages 16 and older)
Employed 64 62 68 59
Not employed 3 3 4 2
Not in labor force 34 36 28 39
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE (civilians ages 16 and older in the labor force) 4 4 5 3
LIVING IN POVERTY
All ages 10 11 9 12
Younger than 18 10 8 7 13
18-64 10 11 11 11
65 and older 12 19 12 19
HOMEOWNERSHIP (households)
Owner-occupied 59 52 48 53
Renter-occupied 41 48 52 47

Note: The household population excludes persons living in institutions, college dormitories and other group quarters. Households are classified by the race or detailed Asian group of the head. “Full-time, year-round workers” are defined as people ages 16 and older who usually worked at least 35 hours per week and at least 48 weeks in the past year. The share of the population ages 16 and older who are not employed differs from the unemployment rate because the share not employed is based on the total population, while the unemployment rate is based on those who are in the labor force (i.e. working or looking for work). Poverty status is determined for individuals in housing units and non-institutional group quarters. It is unavailable for children younger than 15 who are not related to the householder, people living in institutional group quarters and people living in college dormitories or military barracks. Due to the way in which the IPUMS assigns poverty values, these data will differ from those provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Figures for Koreans and all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2017-2019 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

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