Cambodian population in the U.S., 2000-2015


Year Population
2000 206,000
2010 277,000
2015 330,000

Pew Research Center

English proficiency of Cambodian population in the U.S., 2015


Category English proficient
All 59%
U.S. born 91%
Foreign born 39%
Adults 53%
All Asians 70%

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Length of time in the U.S. for Cambodian immigrants, 2000-2015


Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 17% 83%
2010 20% 80%
2015 19% 81%

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Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 44% 56%
2010 36% 64%
2015 34% 66%

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Educational attainment of Cambodian population in the U.S., 2015


Category High school or less Some college Bachelor's degree Postgrad degree
All 59% 24% 14% 4%
U.S. born 45% 31% 20% 4%
Foreign born 62% 22% 12% 4%
All Asians 29% 20% 30% 21%
All Americans 41% 29% 19% 11%

Pew Research Center

U.S. Cambodian population living in poverty, 2015


Group All Americans All Asians All Cambodians
All 15.1% 12.1% 19.1%
U.S. born 14.7% 11.2% 20.8%
Foreign born 17.8% 12.8% 17.8%

Pew Research Center

Top 10 U.S. metropolitan areas by Cambodian population, 2015


Metro area Cambodian population
Los Angeles 47,000
Boston 26,000
Seattle 15,000
Philadelphia 12,000
Stockton, CA 12,000
Minneapolis-St. Paul 8,000
Houston 7,000
Dallas-Fort Worth 6,000
Providence, RI 6,000
San Francisco 6,000

Pew Research Center

Demographic characteristics of U.S. Cambodian population, 2015

% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Cambodians in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN AGE (in years) 34 32 18 45
AGE
Younger than 5 7 5 12 <1
5-17 18 18 38 3
18-29 19 21 38 9
30-39 16 17 10 23
40-49 15 14 1 24
50-64 16 17 1 28
65+ 10 8 <1 13
NATIVITY
U.S. born 41 42 - -
Foreign born 59 58 - -
YEARS IN U.S. (among foreign born)
0-5 years 20 - - 10
6-10 years 14 - - 9
11-15 years 13 - - 7
16-20 years 11 - - 6
21+ years 42 - - 68
CITIZENSHIP (among foreign born)
U.S. citizen 58 - - 72
Not a U.S. citizen 42 - - 28
MARITAL STATUS (18 and older)
Married 59 44 18 53
Divorced/Separated/Widowed 12 17 5 22
Never married 30 39 77 25
FERTILITY (among women ages 15 to 44)
Women who have given birth in the past 12 months 6 7 6 8
HOUSEHOLD TYPE, BY PERSONS
Married-couple household 71 56 53 58
Other family household 17 37 41 34
Non-family household 12 8 7 8
IN A MULTIGENERATIONAL HOUSEHOLD
Multigenerational household 26 41 37 44

Note: Family households are those with a household head and one or more persons living in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Households with a household head and an unmarried partner are only considered family households if there are other persons in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Multigenerational households are households with two or more adult generations or one that includes grandparents and grandchildren. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Due to data limitations, figures for Cambodians based on single-race population only, regardless of Hispanic origin. Figures for all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2013-2015 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center

Economic characteristics of U.S. Cambodian population, 2015

% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Cambodians in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME $73,060 $55,000 $54,000 $55,300
MEDIAN ANNUAL PERSONAL EARNINGS (ages 16 and older with positive earnings)
All $35,600 $27,000 $20,000 $30,000
Full-time, year-round workers $51,000 $35,000 $31,000 $36,000
EMPLOYMENT STATUS (civilians ages 16 and older)
Employed 61 59 61 59
Not employed 4 6 8 5
Not in labor force 35 35 31 36
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE (civilians ages 16 and older in the labor force) 6.0 9.0 11.4 7.9
LIVING IN POVERTY
All ages 12.1 19.1 20.8 17.8
Younger than 18 12.0 23.1 23.5 ***
18-64 12.1 17.4 18.2 17.1
65 and older 12.8 21.3 *** 21.5
HOMEOWNERSHIP (households)
Owner-occupied 57 53 33 57
Renter-occupied 43 47 67 43

The symbol *** indicates insufficient number of observations to provide a reliable estimate.
Note: The household population excludes persons living in institutions, college dormitories and other group quarters. Households are classified by the race or detailed Asian group of the head. “Full-time, year-round workers” are defined as people ages 16 and older who usually worked at least 35 hours per week and at least 48 weeks in the past year. The share of the population ages 16 and older who are not employed differs from the unemployment rate because the share not employed is based on the total population, while the unemployment rate is based on those who are in the labor force (i.e. working or looking for work). Poverty status is determined for individuals in housing units and non-institutional group quarters. It is unavailable for children younger than 15 who are not related to the householder, people living in institutional group quarters and people living in college dormitories or military barracks. Due to the way in which the IPUMS assigns poverty values, these data will differ from those provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Due to data limitations, figures for Cambodians based on single-race population only, regardless of Hispanic origin. Figures for all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2013-2015 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center

Find out more

Explore fact sheets on other Asian groups in the U.S.

Read the methodology.

The Asian American fact sheets were compiled by Gustavo López, research analyst, Anthony Cilluffo, research assistant, and Eileen Patten, former research analyst.