Mongolian population in the U.S., 2000-2019

Year Population
2000 6,000
2010 18,000
2015 21,000
2019 27,000

Pew Research Center

English proficiency of Mongolian population in the U.S., 2019

Category English proficient
All 56%
U.S. born*** ***
Foreign born 50%
Adults 51%
All Asians 72%

Pew Research Center

Length of time in the U.S. for Mongolian immigrants, 2000-2019

Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 -- --
2010 -- --
2015 49% 51%
2019 50% 50%

Pew Research Center

Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 44% 56%
2010 36% 64%
2015 34% 66%
2019 34% 66%

Pew Research Center

Educational attainment of Mongolian population in the U.S., 2019

Category High school or less Some college Bachelor's degree Postgrad degree
All 18% 22% 39% 21%
U.S. born*** *** *** *** ***
Foreign born 16% 21% 41% 22%
All Asians 27% 19% 30% 24%
All Americans 39% 29% 20% 13%

Pew Research Center

U.S. Mongolian population living in poverty, 2019

Group All Americans All Asians All Mongolians
All 13% 10% 25%
U.S. born*** 13% 9% ***
Foreign born 14% 11% 28%

Pew Research Center

Top U.S. metropolitan areas by Mongolian population, 2019

Metro area Mongolian population
Chicago 3,000
Los Angeles 3,000
San Francisco 2,000
Washington 2,000
Philadelphia 1,000
Seattle 1,000
New York 1,000
Denver 1,000
Wichita, KS <500
Provo-Orem, UT <500

Pew Research Center

Demographic characteristics of U.S. Mongolian population, 2019

% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Mongolians in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN AGE (in years) 34 31 *** 33
AGE
Younger than 5 7 6 *** <0.5
5-17 17 18 *** 12
18-29 18 20 *** 23
30-39 17 26 *** 31
40-49 14 16 *** 19
50-64 16 10 *** 10
65+ 11 4 *** 4
NATIVITY
U.S. born 43 21
Foreign born 57 79
YEARS IN U.S. (among foreign born)
0-5 years 21 30
6-10 years 13 20
11-15 years 11 20
16-20 years 12 18
21+ years 44 12
CITIZENSHIP (among foreign born)
U.S. citizen 59 29
Not a U.S. citizen 41 71
MARITAL STATUS (18 and older)
Married 59 63 *** 65
Divorced/Separated/Widowed 11 9 *** 9
Never married 30 28 *** 26
FERTILITY (among women ages 15 to 44)
Women who have given birth in the past 12 months 6 *** *** ***
HOUSEHOLD TYPE, BY PERSONS
Married-couple household 71 69 *** 69
Other family household 13 12 *** 12
Non-family household 15 19 *** 19
IN A MULTIGENERATIONAL HOUSEHOLD
Multigenerational household 27 13 *** 15

The symbol *** indicates insufficient number of observations to provide a reliable estimate.
Note: Family households are those with a household head and one or more persons living in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Households with a household head and an unmarried partner are only considered family households if there are other persons in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Multigenerational households are households with two or more adult generations or one that includes grandparents and grandchildren. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Due to data limitations, figures for Mongolians based on single-race population only, regardless of Hispanic origin. Figures for all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2017-2019 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center

Economic characteristics of U.S. Mongolian population, 2019

% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Mongolians in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME $85,800 *** *** ***
MEDIAN ANNUAL PERSONAL EARNINGS (ages 16 and older with positive earnings)
All $40,000 $30,000 *** $28,000
Full-time, year-round workers $60,000 *** *** ***
EMPLOYMENT STATUS (civilians ages 16 and older)
Employed 64 62 *** 63
Not employed 3 4 *** 4
Not in labor force 34 34 *** 33
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE (civilians ages 16 and older in the labor force) 4 6 *** 5
LIVING IN POVERTY
All ages 10 25 *** 28
Younger than 18 10 *** *** ***
18-64 10 25 *** 25
65 and older 12 *** *** ***
HOMEOWNERSHIP (households)
Owner-occupied 59 *** *** ***
Renter-occupied 41 *** *** ***

The symbol *** indicates insufficient number of observations to provide a reliable estimate.
Note: The household population excludes persons living in institutions, college dormitories and other group quarters. Households are classified by the race or detailed Asian group of the head. “Full-time, year-round workers” are defined as people ages 16 and older who usually worked at least 35 hours per week and at least 48 weeks in the past year. The share of the population ages 16 and older who are not employed differs from the unemployment rate because the share not employed is based on the total population, while the unemployment rate is based on those who are in the labor force (i.e. working or looking for work). Poverty status is determined for individuals in housing units and non-institutional group quarters. It is unavailable for children younger than 15 who are not related to the householder, people living in institutional group quarters and people living in college dormitories or military barracks. Due to the way in which the IPUMS assigns poverty values, these data will differ from those provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Due to data limitations, figures for Mongolians based on single-race population only, regardless of Hispanic origin. Figures for all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2017-2019 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center

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