Pakistani population in the U.S., 2000-2019

Year Population
2000 204,000
2010 409,000
2015 519,000
2019 554,000

Pew Research Center

English proficiency of Pakistani population in the U.S., 2019

Category English proficient
All 75%
U.S. born 93%
Foreign born 67%
Adults 71%
All Asians 72%

Pew Research Center

Length of time in the U.S. for Pakistani immigrants, 2000-2019

Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 59% 41%
2010 41% 59%
2015 36% 64%
2019 37% 63%

Pew Research Center

Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 44% 56%
2010 36% 64%
2015 34% 66%
2019 34% 66%

Pew Research Center

Educational attainment of Pakistani population in the U.S., 2019

Category High school or less Some college Bachelor's degree Postgrad degree
All 26% 17% 31% 26%
U.S. born 15% 19% 37% 29%
Foreign born 28% 17% 30% 25%
All Asians 27% 19% 30% 24%
All Americans 39% 29% 20% 13%

Pew Research Center

U.S. Pakistani population living in poverty, 2019

Group All Americans All Asians All Pakistanis
All 13% 10% 15%
U.S. born 13% 9% 16%
Foreign born 14% 11% 15%

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Top 10 U.S. metropolitan areas by Pakistani population, 2019

Metro area Pakistani population
New York 98,000
Houston 38,000
Washington 38,000
Chicago 37,000
Dallas 25,000
Los Angeles 18,000
San Francisco 15,000
Baltimore 13,000
Stockton, CA 12,000
Philadelphia 11,000

Pew Research Center

Demographic characteristics of U.S. Pakistani population, 2019

% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Pakistanis in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN AGE (in years) 34 31 14 41
AGE
Younger than 5 7 7 19 1
5-17 17 19 43 6
18-29 18 21 26 18
30-39 17 17 8 21
40-49 14 13 3 19
50-64 16 16 1 23
65+ 11 8 1 11
NATIVITY
U.S. born 43 35
Foreign born 57 65
YEARS IN U.S. (among foreign born)
0-5 years 21 21
6-10 years 13 15
11-15 years 11 12
16-20 years 12 16
21+ years 44 35
CITIZENSHIP (among foreign born)
U.S. citizen 59 66
Not a U.S. citizen 41 34
MARITAL STATUS (18 and older)
Married 59 66 31 74
Divorced/Separated/Widowed 11 7 3 8
Never married 30 26 65 17
FERTILITY (among women ages 15 to 44)
Women who have given birth in the past 12 months 6 8 4 10
HOUSEHOLD TYPE, BY PERSONS
Married-couple household 71 82 85 81
Other family household 13 11 9 12
Non-family household 15 6 6 7
IN A MULTIGENERATIONAL HOUSEHOLD
Multigenerational household 27 35 28 39

Note: Family households are those with a household head and one or more persons living in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Households with a household head and an unmarried partner are only considered family households if there are other persons in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Multigenerational households are households with two or more adult generations or one that includes grandparents and grandchildren. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Due to data limitations, figures for Pakistanis based on single-race population only, regardless of Hispanic origin. Figures for all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2017-2019 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center

Economic characteristics of U.S. Pakistani population, 2019

% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Pakistanis in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME $85,800 $78,000 $90,000 $75,500
MEDIAN ANNUAL PERSONAL EARNINGS (ages 16 and older with positive earnings)
All $40,000 $35,000 $27,900 $36,000
Full-time, year-round workers $60,000 $57,000 $60,000 $56,000
EMPLOYMENT STATUS (civilians ages 16 and older)
Employed 64 59 55 60
Not employed 3 3 3 3
Not in labor force 34 38 41 37
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE (civilians ages 16 and older in the labor force) 4 5 6 5
LIVING IN POVERTY
All ages 10 15 16 15
Younger than 18 10 19 18 27
18-64 10 14 13 15
65 and older 12 11 *** 11
HOMEOWNERSHIP (households)
Owner-occupied 59 54 47 55
Renter-occupied 41 46 53 45

The symbol *** indicates insufficient number of observations to provide a reliable estimate.
Note: The household population excludes persons living in institutions, college dormitories and other group quarters. Households are classified by the race or detailed Asian group of the head. “Full-time, year-round workers” are defined as people ages 16 and older who usually worked at least 35 hours per week and at least 48 weeks in the past year. The share of the population ages 16 and older who are not employed differs from the unemployment rate because the share not employed is based on the total population, while the unemployment rate is based on those who are in the labor force (i.e. working or looking for work). Poverty status is determined for individuals in housing units and non-institutional group quarters. It is unavailable for children younger than 15 who are not related to the householder, people living in institutional group quarters and people living in college dormitories or military barracks. Due to the way in which the IPUMS assigns poverty values, these data will differ from those provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Due to data limitations, figures for Pakistanis based on single-race population only, regardless of Hispanic origin. Figures for all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2017-2019 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center

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Explore fact sheets on other Asian groups in the U.S.

Read the methodology.