Laotian population in the U.S., 2000-2019

Year Population
2000 198,000
2010 232,000
2015 271,000
2019 254,000

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English proficiency of Laotian population in the U.S., 2019

Category English proficient
All 64%
U.S. born 93%
Foreign born 44%
Adults 59%
All Asians 72%

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Length of time in the U.S. for Laotian immigrants, 2000-2019

Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 18% 82%
2010 10% 90%
2015 9% 91%
2019 8% 92%

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Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 44% 56%
2010 36% 64%
2015 34% 66%
2019 34% 66%

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Educational attainment of Laotian population in the U.S., 2019

Category High school or less Some college Bachelor's degree Postgrad degree
All 56% 27% 14% 3%
U.S. born 38% 39% 20% 4%
Foreign born 61% 23% 12% 3%
All Asians 27% 19% 30% 24%
All Americans 39% 29% 20% 13%

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U.S. Laotian population living in poverty, 2019

Group All Americans All Asians All Laotians
All 13% 10% 13%
U.S. born 13% 9% 16%
Foreign born 14% 11% 11%

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Top 10 U.S. metropolitan areas by Laotian population, 2019

Metro area Laotian population
Sacramento, CA 11,000
San Francisco 9,000
Minneapolis-St. Paul 8,000
Dallas 8,000
Fresno, CA 8,000
San Diego 7,000
Nashville, TN 7,000
Seattle 6,000
Portland, OR 5,000
Los Angeles 5,000

Pew Research Center

Demographic characteristics of U.S. Laotian population, 2019

% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Laotians in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN AGE (in years) 34 38 21 49
AGE
Younger than 5 7 4 9 <0.5
5-17 17 14 32 1
18-29 18 17 36 3
30-39 17 19 19 18
40-49 14 17 2 28
50-64 16 19 1 33
65+ 11 10 1 17
NATIVITY
U.S. born 43 43
Foreign born 57 57
YEARS IN U.S. (among foreign born)
0-5 years 21 4
6-10 years 13 4
11-15 years 11 5
16-20 years 12 5
21+ years 44 83
CITIZENSHIP (among foreign born)
U.S. citizen 59 75
Not a U.S. citizen 41 25
MARITAL STATUS (18 and older)
Married 59 47 22 58
Divorced/Separated/Widowed 11 15 5 20
Never married 30 38 73 22
FERTILITY (among women ages 15 to 44)
Women who have given birth in the past 12 months 6 6 7 4
HOUSEHOLD TYPE, BY PERSONS
Married-couple household 71 59 54 63
Other family household 13 22 25 20
Non-family household 15 19 21 17
IN A MULTIGENERATIONAL HOUSEHOLD
Multigenerational household 27 40 35 43

Note: Family households are those with a household head and one or more persons living in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Households with a household head and an unmarried partner are only considered family households if there are other persons in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Multigenerational households are households with two or more adult generations or one that includes grandparents and grandchildren. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Due to data limitations, figures for Laotians based on single-race population only, regardless of Hispanic origin. Figures for all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2017-2019 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center

Economic characteristics of U.S. Laotian population, 2019

% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Laotians in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME $85,800 $61,000 $58,000 $64,000
MEDIAN ANNUAL PERSONAL EARNINGS (ages 16 and older with positive earnings)
All $40,000 $33,000 $26,000 $35,000
Full-time, year-round workers $60,000 $40,000 $38,500 $40,000
EMPLOYMENT STATUS (civilians ages 16 and older)
Employed 64 65 67 63
Not employed 3 3 6 2
Not in labor force 34 32 27 35
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE (civilians ages 16 and older in the labor force) 4 5 8 3
LIVING IN POVERTY
All ages 10 13 16 11
Younger than 18 10 20 20 ***
18-64 10 11 13 10
65 and older 12 16 *** 16
HOMEOWNERSHIP (households)
Owner-occupied 59 62 41 68
Renter-occupied 41 38 59 32

The symbol *** indicates insufficient number of observations to provide a reliable estimate.
Note: The household population excludes persons living in institutions, college dormitories and other group quarters. Households are classified by the race or detailed Asian group of the head. “Full-time, year-round workers” are defined as people ages 16 and older who usually worked at least 35 hours per week and at least 48 weeks in the past year. The share of the population ages 16 and older who are not employed differs from the unemployment rate because the share not employed is based on the total population, while the unemployment rate is based on those who are in the labor force (i.e. working or looking for work). Poverty status is determined for individuals in housing units and non-institutional group quarters. It is unavailable for children younger than 15 who are not related to the householder, people living in institutional group quarters and people living in college dormitories or military barracks. Due to the way in which the IPUMS assigns poverty values, these data will differ from those provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Due to data limitations, figures for Laotians based on single-race population only, regardless of Hispanic origin. Figures for all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2017-2019 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

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