Bangladeshi population in the U.S., 2000-2019

Year Population
2000 57,000
2010 147,000
2015 188,000
2019 208,000

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English proficiency of Bangladeshi population in the U.S., 2019

Category English proficient
All 55%
U.S. born 87%
Foreign born 46%
Adults 49%
All Asians 72%

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Length of time in the U.S. for Bangladeshi immigrants, 2000-2019

Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 75% 25%
2010 49% 51%
2015 49% 51%
2019 49% 51%

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Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 44% 56%
2010 36% 64%
2015 34% 66%
2019 34% 66%

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Educational attainment of Bangladeshi population in the U.S., 2019

Category High school or less Some college Bachelor's degree Postgrad degree
All 35% 16% 26% 23%
U.S. born*** *** *** *** ***
Foreign born 36% 16% 26% 22%
All Asians 27% 19% 30% 24%
All Americans 39% 29% 20% 13%

Pew Research Center

U.S. Bangladeshi population living in poverty, 2019

Group All Americans All Asians All Bangladeshis
All 13% 10% 19%
U.S. born 13% 9% 19%
Foreign born 14% 11% 19%

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Top 10 U.S. metropolitan areas by Bangladeshi population, 2019

Metro area Bangladeshi population
New York 93,000
Detroit 14,000
Washington 11,000
Los Angeles 9,000
Philadelphia 7,000
Atlanta 6,000
Dallas 6,000
Houston 4,000
Miami 4,000
Boston 2,000

Pew Research Center

Demographic characteristics of U.S. Bangladeshi population, 2019


% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Bangladeshis in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN AGE (in years) 34 32 10 40
AGE
Younger than 5 7 8 26 1
5-17 17 19 47 8
18-29 18 18 18 18
30-39 17 18 5 22
40-49 14 15 2 21
50-64 16 16 1 22
65+ 11 6 0 8
NATIVITY
U.S. born 43 28 100
Foreign born 57 72 100
YEARS IN U.S. (among foreign born)
0-5 years 21 29
6-10 years 13 21
11-15 years 11 13
16-20 years 12 11
21+ years 44 27
CITIZENSHIP (among foreign born)
U.S. citizen 59 59
Not a U.S. citizen 41 41
MARITAL STATUS (18 and older)
Married 59 70 30 75
Divorced/Separated/Widowed 11 7 1 8
Never married 30 23 69 17
FERTILITY (among women ages 15 to 44)
Women who have given birth in the past 12 months 6 6 5 7
HOUSEHOLD TYPE, BY PERSONS
Married-couple household 71 85 89 83
Other family household 13 10 9 10
Non-family household 15 6 2 7
IN A MULTIGENERATIONAL HOUSEHOLD
Multigenerational household 27 36 31 38

Note: Family households are those with a household head and one or more persons living in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Households with a household head and an unmarried partner are only considered family households if there are other persons in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Multigenerational households are households with two or more adult generations or one that includes grandparents and grandchildren. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Due to data limitations, figures for Bangladeshis based on single-race population only, regardless of Hispanic origin. Figures for all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2017-2019 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center


Economic characteristics of U.S. Bangladeshi population, 2019


% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Bangladeshis in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME $85,800 $59,500 *** $58,600
MEDIAN ANNUAL PERSONAL EARNINGS (ages 16 and older with positive earnings)
All $40,000 $30,000 $25,000 $30,000
Full-time, year-round workers $60,000 $42,500 *** $42,000
EMPLOYMENT STATUS (civilians ages 16 and older)
Employed 64 59 45 60
Not employed 3 3 6 3
Not in labor force 34 38 50 37
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE (civilians ages 16 and older in the labor force) 4 5 11 5
LIVING IN POVERTY
All ages 10 19 19 19
Younger than 18 10 22 20 32
18-64 10 18 16 18
65 and older 12 13 *** 13
HOMEOWNERSHIP (households)
Owner-occupied 59 45 *** 45
Renter-occupied 41 55 *** 55

The symbol *** indicates insufficient number of observations to provide a reliable estimate.
Note: The household population excludes persons living in institutions, college dormitories and other group quarters. Households are classified by the race or detailed Asian group of the head. “Full-time, year-round workers” are defined as people ages 16 and older who usually worked at least 35 hours per week and at least 48 weeks in the past year. The share of the population ages 16 and older who are not employed differs from the unemployment rate because the share not employed is based on the total population, while the unemployment rate is based on those who are in the labor force (i.e. working or looking for work). Poverty status is determined for individuals in housing units and non-institutional group quarters. It is unavailable for children younger than 15 who are not related to the householder, people living in institutional group quarters and people living in college dormitories or military barracks. Due to the way in which the IPUMS assigns poverty values, these data will differ from those provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Due to data limitations, figures for Bangladeshis based on single-race population only, regardless of Hispanic origin. Figures for all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2017-2019 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center


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Read the methodology.