Burmese population in the U.S., 2000-2019

Year Population
2000 17,000
2010 100,000
2015 168,000
2019 189,000

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English proficiency of Burmese population in the U.S., 2019

Category English proficient
All 38%
U.S. born 75%
Foreign born 32%
Adults 30%
All Asians 72%

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Length of time in the U.S. for Burmese immigrants, 2019

Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 -- --
2010 -- --
2015 81% 19%
2019 68% 32%

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Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 44% 56%
2010 36% 64%
2015 34% 66%
2019 34% 66%

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Educational attainment of Burmese population in the U.S., 2019

Category High school or less Some college Bachelor's degree Postgrad degree
All 65% 12% 16% 7%
U.S. born*** *** *** *** ***
Foreign born 66% 12% 16% 7%
All Asians 27% 19% 30% 24%
All Americans 39% 29% 20% 13%

Pew Research Center

U.S. Burmese population living in poverty, 2019

Group All Americans All Asians All Burmese
All 13% 10% 25%
U.S. born 13% 9% 25%
Foreign born 14% 11% 25%

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Top 10 U.S. metropolitan areas by Burmese population, 2019

Metro area Burmese population
Minneapolis-St. Paul 11,000
Indianapolis 10,000
Dallas 10,000
Fort Wayne, IN 8,000
New York 7,000
Milwaukee 6,000
Los Angeles 6,000
San Francisco 5,000
Atlanta 5,000
Des Moines, IA 5,000

Pew Research Center

Demographic characteristics of U.S. Burmese population, 2019


% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Burmese in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN AGE (in years) 34 28 6 33
AGE
Younger than 5 7 10 40 2
5-17 17 24 46 18
18-29 18 19 7 22
30-39 17 18 3 23
40-49 14 14 1 18
50-64 16 10 1 13
65+ 11 5 1 6
NATIVITY
U.S. born 43 22
Foreign born 57 78
YEARS IN U.S. (among foreign born)
0-5 years 21 34
6-10 years 13 35
11-15 years 11 14
16-20 years 12 7
21+ years 44 10
CITIZENSHIP (among foreign born)
U.S. citizen 59 36
Not a U.S. citizen 41 64
MARITAL STATUS (18 and older)
Married 59 65 *** 66
Divorced/Separated/Widowed 11 8 *** 8
Never married 30 28 *** 26
FERTILITY (among women ages 15 to 44)
Women who have given birth in the past 12 months 6 9 *** 9
HOUSEHOLD TYPE, BY PERSONS
Married-couple household 71 80 85 79
Other family household 13 14 11 15
Non-family household 15 6 4 7
IN A MULTIGENERATIONAL HOUSEHOLD
Multigenerational household 27 24 22 25

The symbol *** indicates insufficient number of observations to provide a reliable estimate.
Note: Family households are those with a household head and one or more persons living in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Households with a household head and an unmarried partner are only considered family households if there are other persons in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Multigenerational households are households with two or more adult generations or one that includes grandparents and grandchildren. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Due to data limitations, figures for Burmese based on single-race population only, regardless of Hispanic origin. Figures for all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2017-2019 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center


Economic characteristics of U.S. Burmese population, 2019


% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Burmese in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S.
born
Foreign
born
MEDIAN ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME $85,800 $44,400 *** $44,200
MEDIAN ANNUAL PERSONAL EARNINGS (ages 16 and older with positive earnings)
All $40,000 $26,000 *** $26,000
Full-time, year-round workers $60,000 $30,000 *** $30,000
EMPLOYMENT STATUS (civilians ages 16 and older)
Employed 64 60 *** 61
Not employed 3 3 *** 2
Not in labor force 34 37 *** 37
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE (civilians ages 16 and older in the labor force) 4 4 *** 4
LIVING IN POVERTY
All ages 10 25 25 25
Younger than 18 10 31 27 37
18-64 10 22 *** 22
65 and older 12 16 *** 16
HOMEOWNERSHIP (households)
Owner-occupied 59 46 *** 46
Renter-occupied 41 54 *** 54

The symbol *** indicates insufficient number of observations to provide a reliable estimate.
Note: The household population excludes persons living in institutions, college dormitories and other group quarters. Households are classified by the race or detailed Asian group of the head. “Full-time, year-round workers” are defined as people ages 16 and older who usually worked at least 35 hours per week and at least 48 weeks in the past year. The share of the population ages 16 and older who are not employed differs from the unemployment rate because the share not employed is based on the total population, while the unemployment rate is based on those who are in the labor force (i.e. working or looking for work). Poverty status is determined for individuals in housing units and non-institutional group quarters. It is unavailable for children younger than 15 who are not related to the householder, people living in institutional group quarters and people living in college dormitories or military barracks. Due to the way in which the IPUMS assigns poverty values, these data will differ from those provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Due to data limitations, figures for Burmese based on single-race population only, regardless of Hispanic origin. Figures for all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2017-2019 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center


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Read the methodology.