Japanese population in the U.S., 2000-2015


Year Population
2000 1,149,000
2010 1,304,000
2015 1,411,000

Pew Research Center


English proficiency of Japanese population in the U.S., 2015


Category English proficient
All 84%
U.S. born 97%
Foreign born 51%
Adults 83%
All Asians 70%

Pew Research Center


Length of time in the U.S. for Japanese immigrants, 2000-2015



Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 51% 49%
2010 41% 59%
2015 36% 64%

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Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 44% 56%
2010 36% 64%
2015 34% 66%

Pew Research Center


Educational attainment of Japanese population in the U.S., 2015


Category High school or less Some college Bachelor's degree Postgrad degree
All 23% 28% 32% 17%
U.S. born 21% 30% 33% 16%
Foreign born 27% 24% 32% 17%
All Asians 29% 20% 30% 21%
All Americans 41% 29% 19% 11%

Pew Research Center


U.S. Japanese population living in poverty, 2015


Group All Americans All Asians All Japanese
All 15.1% 12.1% 8.4%
U.S. born 14.7% 11.2% 7.7%
Foreign born 17.8% 12.8% 10.3%

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Top 10 U.S. metropolitan areas by Japanese population, 2015


Metro area Japanese population
Honolulu 195,000
Los Angeles 182,000
San Francisco 65,000
New York 59,000
Seattle 52,000
San Jose, CA 34,000
San Diego 31,000
Sacramento, CA 25,000
Chicago 24,000
Washington, DC 22,000

Pew Research Center


Demographic characteristics of U.S. Japanese population, 2015


% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Japanese in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN AGE (in years) 34 40 35 46
AGE
Younger than 5 7 6 7 2
5-17 18 15 19 5
18-29 19 15 18 9
30-39 16 13 11 19
40-49 15 14 11 21
50-64 16 20 19 21
65+ 10 17 15 23
NATIVITY
U.S. born 41 73 - -
Foreign born 59 27 - -
YEARS IN U.S. (among foreign born)
0-5 years 20 - - 26
6-10 years 14 - - 10
11-15 years 13 - - 10
16-20 years 11 - - 8
21+ years 42 - - 46
CITIZENSHIP (among foreign born)
U.S. citizen 58 - - 32
Not a U.S. citizen 42 - - 68
MARITAL STATUS (18 and older)
Married 59 52 47 63
Divorced/Separated/Widowed 12 17 16 20
Never married 30 30 37 17
FERTILITY (among women ages 15 to 44)
Women who have given birth in the past 12 months 6 5 4 6
HOUSEHOLD TYPE, BY PERSONS
Married-couple household 71 65 64 67
Other family household 17 16 18 10
Non-family household 12 19 18 23
IN A MULTIGENERATIONAL HOUSEHOLD
Multigenerational household 26 19 21 13

Note: Family households are those with a household head and one or more persons living in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Households with a household head and an unmarried partner are only considered family households if there are other persons in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Multigenerational households are households with two or more adult generations or one that includes grandparents and grandchildren. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Figures for Japanese and all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2013-2015 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center


Economic characteristics of U.S. Japanese population, 2015


% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Japanese in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME $73,060 $74,000 $80,000 $60,000
MEDIAN ANNUAL PERSONAL EARNINGS (ages 16 and older with positive earnings)
All $35,600 $40,000 $40,000 $40,000
Full-time, year-round workers $51,000 $55,050 $55,000 $60,000
EMPLOYMENT STATUS (civilians ages 16 and older)
Employed 61 58 61 52
Not employed 4 3 3 1
Not in labor force 35 39 36 46
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE (civilians ages 16 and older in the labor force) 6.0 4.6 5.3 2.6
LIVING IN POVERTY
All ages 12.1 8.4 7.7 10.3
Younger than 18 12.0 7.0 6.9 8.1
18-64 12.1 9.3 8.7 10.7
65 and older 12.8 6.9 5.2 9.8
HOMEOWNERSHIP (households)
Owner-occupied 57 63 70 48
Renter-occupied 43 37 30 52

Note: The household population excludes persons living in institutions, college dormitories and other group quarters. Households are classified by the race or detailed Asian group of the head. “Full-time, year-round workers” are defined as people ages 16 and older who usually worked at least 35 hours per week and at least 48 weeks in the past year. The share of the population ages 16 and older who are not employed differs from the unemployment rate because the share not employed is based on the total population, while the unemployment rate is based on those who are in the labor force (i.e. working or looking for work). Poverty status is determined for individuals in housing units and non-institutional group quarters. It is unavailable for children younger than 15 who are not related to the householder, people living in institutional group quarters and people living in college dormitories or military barracks. Due to the way in which the IPUMS assigns poverty values, these data will differ from those provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Figures for Japanese and all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2013-2015 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center


Find out more

Explore fact sheets on other Asian groups in the U.S.

Read the methodology.

The Asian American fact sheets were compiled by Gustavo López, research analyst, Anthony Cilluffo, research assistant, and Eileen Patten, former research analyst.