This report was made possible by The Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Research Center is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts, its primary funder.

This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals:

Research team

Andrew Mercer, Senior Research Methodologist
Arnold Lau, Research Methodologist

Communications and editorial                  

Rachel Drian, Associate Director, Communications
Nida Asheer, Senior Communications Manager                             
Talia Price, Communications Associate
Anna Jackson, Editorial Assistant

Graphic design and web publishing

Bill Webster, Senior Information Graphics Designer
Janakee Chavda, Assistant Digital Producer
Beshay Sakla, Associate Digital Producer


Dorene Asare-Marfo, Panel Manager

In addition, this project benefitted greatly from feedback by the following Pew Research Center Staff: Courtney Kennedy and Scott Keeter.