July 11, 2014

Chart of the Week: Where engineering and English majors end up working


In just six weeks or so, millions of new college students will arrive at their new campuses, where at some point they will have to decide on a major. As they write the first tuition check, parents may wonder which fields of study are most likely to lead to rewarding careers, and which back to the couch in the basement?

The Census Bureau is here to help. The chart above, based on data from the 2012 American Community Survey, shows the relationship between college majors and occupational groups. On the interactive version, hovering over a major will show which fields its graduates ended up working in. The thickness of the lines reflects the share of people in each major-occupation combination.

The version shown above highlights so-called STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) majors and occupations. While it may not be surprising that about a third of engineering majors work as engineers, it’s noteworthy that more are non-STEM managers (18%) than computer workers (15%). And only about 26% of physical-sciences majors work in any STEM occupation at all; their biggest employment categories are health care (17%), non-STEM managerial jobs (14%) and education (12%). (We calculated those percentages from the chart’s data table, also downloadable from the Census Web page.)

You can also hover over an occupation to see which majors it hires from, or switch the chart’s focus to non-STEM majors such as business and literature. And in both STEM and non-STEM modes, you can narrow the chart by race, ethnicity and gender — and learn, by exploring the data table, that women account for fewer than four of every 10 bachelor’s degrees in STEM majors.

Category: Chart of the Week

Topics: Education, Work and Employment

  1. Photo of Drew DeSilver

    is a senior writer at Pew Research Center.


  1. Ng Major3 years ago

    Fairly intuitive graph, but I have two problems:

    1. Social science / psychology are certainly not STEM majors. When citing job percentages, these majors, among others, bring down the true earnings of “real” STEM majors. STEM should more accurately become applied sciences (Engineering, computers, math, stats). Bio / Chem are also not great for employment outside of professional school. If we just include applied sciences, the advantages of these degrees will become even more clear.

    2. What about unemployment? This shows underemployment.

  2. Joseph Hertzlinger3 years ago

    Does this mean Dilbert will eventually grow pointy hair?

  3. Muvaffak Gozaydin3 years ago

    STEM students are less than 1/3 of the total.
    How USA will defend its position in the World .
    Something must be done to encaurage STEM students .

  4. Chris3 years ago

    Social science is a STEM field? I’m a doctoral candidate in a social science and I definitely don’t think I’m treated as a person of STEM by the university or funding bodies.