This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Kim Parker, Director of Social Trends Research
Juliana Horowitz, Associate Director, Research
Rachel Minkin, Research Associate
Kiley Hurst, Research Assistant           
Dana Braga, Research Assistant
Shannon Greenwood, Digital Producer
Michael Keegan, Senior Information Graphics Designer          
David Kent, Senior Copy Editor                                                  
Tanya Arditi, Communications Manager             
Julia O’Hanlon, Communications Associate
Mimi Cottingham, Communications Associate                      

In addition, the project benefited greatly from the guidance of the Pew Research Center methodology team: Courtney Kennedy, Andrew Mercer, Ashley Amaya, Dorene Asare-Marfo and Arnold Lau. Former senior researcher Ruth Igielnik contributed to the development of the survey questionnaire.