This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at and

Research Team        

Gregory A. Smith, Associate Director, Religion Research   
Michelle Faverio, Research Analyst 
Justin Nortey, Research Analyst      
Alan Cooperman, Director, Religion Research        
Lee Rainie, Director, Internet and Technology Research   
Monica Anderson, Associate Director, Internet and Technology Research           
Becka A. Alper, Senior Researcher               
Colleen McClain, Research Associate          
Besheer Mohamed, Senior Researcher       
Michael Rotolo, Research Associate
Patricia Tevington, Research Associate

Methods Team         

Courtney Kennedy, Vice President, Methods and Innovation
Andrew Mercer, Senior Research Methodologist
Scott Keeter, Senior Survey Advisor
Ashley Amaya, Senior Survey Research Methodologist      
Dorene Asare-Marfo, Panel Manager          
Dana Mildred Popky, Associate Panel Manager
Arnold Lau, Research Methodologist                       

Editorial and Graphic Design

Jeff Diamant, Senior Writer/Editor
Michael Lipka, Editorial Manager
David Kent, Senior Copy Editor                               
Rebecca Leppert, Editorial Assistant                      
Bill Webster, Senior Information Graphics Designer

Communications and Web Publishing

Reem Nadeem, Associate Digital Producer
Stacy Rosenberg, Associate Director, Digital
Kelsey Beveridge, Communications Associate        
Anna Schiller, Senior Communications Manager
Achsah Callahan, Communications Manager