This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary Researcher

Gregory A. Smith, Associate Director, Research

Research Team        

Alan Cooperman, Director of Religion Research
Becka A. Alper, Senior Researcher
Justin Nortey, Research Assistant
Besheer Mohamed, Senior Researcher
Claire Gecewicz, Research Associate
Joshua Alvarado, Research Assistant                                  

Methods Team         

Courtney Kennedy, Director of Survey Research
Andrew Mercer, Senior Research Methodologist
Nick Bertoni, Senior Panel Manager
Arnold Lau, Research Methodologist

Editorial and Graphic Design

Michael Lipka, Editorial Manager
David Kent, Senior Copy Editor
Rebecca Ann Leppert, Editorial Assistant
Bill Webster, Senior Information Graphics Designer

Communications and Web Publishing

Stacy Rosenberg, Associate Director, Digital
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer
Anna Schiller, Senior Communications Manager
Kelsey Beveridge, Communications Associate

Claudia Deane, vice president of research, also provided valuable guidance on this report.