This report was produced by Pew Research Center as part of the Pew-Templeton Global Religious Futures project, which analyzes religious change and its impact on societies around the world. Funding for the Global Religious Futures project comes from The Pew Charitable Trusts and the John Templeton Foundation.

This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals:

Primary Researcher

Samirah Majumdar, Research Associate

Research Team

Virginia Villa, Research Analyst
Alan Cooperman, Director of Religion Research
Anne Fengyan Shi, Senior Researcher


Andrea L. Tillotson, Dana Popky, Jennifer Jun, Ricki Wood and Zoe Shadan

Editorial and Graphic Design

Jeff Diamant, Senior Writer/Editor
Michael Lipka, Editorial Manager
David Kent, Senior Copy Editor
Rebecca Leppert, Editorial Assistant
Bill Webster, Senior Information Graphics Designer

Communications and Web Publishing

Stacy Rosenberg, Associate Director, Digital
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer
Chris Baronavski, Senior Developer
Anna Schiller, Senior Communications Manager
Kelsey Beveridge, Communications Associate

Research Assistants Aidan Connaughton, Jacob Ausubel and Manolo Corichi provided valuable assistance with fact checking and number checking for this report.