This data essay was written by Neil G. Ruiz, Associate Director of Race and Ethnicity Research, Sunny Shao, former Research Associate of Race and Ethnicity Research, and Sono Shah, Computational Social Scientist of the Center’s Data Labs.

The essay, the accompanying video documentary and its corresponding digital features were produced by Shannon Greenwood, Digital Producer. The communications and outreach strategy for the data essay, as well as editorial advice on all accompanying research products, was provided by Hannah Klein, Communications Manager.

Many individuals contributed to this study’s data collection and methodology. The authors are grateful to Lauren Mora, Research Assistant; Laura Silver, Senior Researcher; Luis Noe-Bustamante, Research Associate; and Mohamad Moslimani, Research Assistant, for tirelessly observing focus groups, coding the transcripts and helping in analyzing the results. Pew Research Center is also grateful to Andre Sanabia, Collen McCauley, Shawnna Mullenax and Valerie Ojeda-Avitia from PSB Insights and to Grace Chiu and Patrick Cahill from GC Global for their many contributions to this project.

Editorial guidance was provided by Mark Hugo Lopez, Director, Race and Ethnicity Research; James “Jeb” Bell, former Vice President of Global Strategy; and Mike Dimock, President. The report was number checked by Lauren Mora, Research Assistant. David Kent, Senior Copy Editor, copy edited the report.

The data essay template, charts and interactive quote sorter were designed by Peter Bell, Design Director, and Michael Keegan, Senior Information Graphics Designer. Seth Rubenstein, Lead Web Developer, and Benjamin Wormald, Senior Web Developer, contributed to web development. Stacy Rosenberg, Associate Director of Digital Production, provided guidance on the data essay’s digital strategy. Illustrations were designed by Jing Li, freelance illustrator.

Pew Research Center is grateful to a panel of expert advisers who gave advice on all stages of this report: Yến Lê Espiritu, Distinguished Professor of Ethnic Studies at University of California, San Diego; Devesh Kapur, Starr Foundation Professor of South Asian Studies at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies; Anthony Christian Ocampo, Professor of Sociology at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona; Karthick Ramakrishnan, Professor of Public Policy at the University of California, Riverside; Janelle Wong, Professor of American Studies and Asian American Studies at the University of Maryland; and Yang Sao Xiong, Assistant Professor of Social Work and Asian American Studies at University of Wisconsin-Madison.

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