Pew Global Attitudes Project
 9 Country Study
 FINAL TOPLINE
 United States March 13 - 16, 2003 (N=1,032)
 Britain March 14 - 16, 2003 (N=962)
 France March 13 - 14, 2003 (N=485)
 Germany March 14 - 15, 2003 (N=524)
 Italy March 12 - 14, 2003 (N=500)
 Spain March 12 - 17, 2003 (N=503)
 Poland March 10 - 14, 2003 (N=500)
 Russia March 12 - 14, 2003 (N=501)
 Turkey March 10 - 17, 2003 (N=513)

Q.1 All in all, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in this
 country today?

 Don't know/
 Satisfied Dissatisfied Refused
 Britain 30 63 7=100
 July, 2002 32 64 4=100

 France 31 67 2=100
 July, 2002 32 67 1=100

 Germany 18 79 3=100
 July, 2002 31 66 2=99

 Italy 20 74 7=101
 July, 2002 24 70 6=100

 Spain 41 47 12=100

 Poland 7 89 4=100
 July, 2002 9 87 3=99

 Russia 35 58 7=100
 July, 2002 20 71 9=100

 Turkey 18 81 2=101
 July, 2002 4 93 3=100

Q.2 Please tell me if you have a very favorable, somewhat favorable, somewhat unfavorable
 or very unfavorable opinion of the United States.

 Very Somewhat Somewhat Very Don't know/
 Favorable Favorable Unfavorable Unfavorable Refused
 Britain 14 34 24 16 11=99
 July, 2002 27 48 12 4 9=100

 France 6 25 45 22 2=100
 July, 2002 9 54 26 8 2=99

 Germany 4 21 41 30 4=100
 July, 2002 9 52 31 4 4=100

 Italy 8 26 33 26 8=101
 July, 2002 13 57 18 5 7=100

 Spain 3 11 35 39 12=100

 Poland 9 41 33 11 7=101
 July, 2002 14 65 10 1 10=100

 Russia 4 24 43 25 4=100
 July, 2002 8 53 27 6 6=100

 Turkey 3 9 17 67 5=101
 July, 2002 6 24 13 42 15=100

Q.3 Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the international policies of President
 George W. Bush? (U.S. asked "Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush
 is handling the nation's foreign policy?")

 Don't know/
 Approve Disapprove Refused
 United States 53 36 11=100
 April, 2002 69 20 11=100
 March, 2002 78 17 5=100
 October, 20012 81 14 5=100
 Early September, 2001 46 34 20=100
 August, 2001 45 32 23=100

 Britain 23 60 17=100
 April, 2002 40 37 23=100
 August, 2001 17 49 34=100

 France 10 87 3=100
 April, 2002 32 61 7=100
 August, 2001 16 59 25=100

 Germany 14 85 2=101
 April, 2002 35 59 6=100
 August, 2001 23 65 12=100

 Italy 14 76 10=100
 April, 2002 44 47 9=100
 August, 2001 29 46 25=100

 Spain 9 79 13=101

 Poland 33 54 13=100

 Russia 8 83 9=100

 Turkey 5 85 10=100

Ask in U.S., Britain, Italy, Spain and Poland:
Q.4a Thinking about possible war with Iraq, would you favor or oppose (Survey country)
 joining the U.S. and other allies in military action in Iraq to end Saddam Hussein's
 rule? (U.S. asked "Would you favor or oppose taking military action in Iraq to end
 Saddam Hussein's rule?")

 Don't know/
 Favor Oppose Refused
 United States 59 30 11=100
 February, 2003 66 26 8=100

 Britain 39 51 10=100
 November, 2002 47 47 6=100

 Italy 17 81 2=100

 Spain 13 81 7=101

 Poland 21 73 6=100

Ask in France, Germany, Russia and Turkey:
Q.4b Thinking about possible war with Iraq, would you favor or oppose the U.S. and
 other allies taking military action in Iraq to end Saddam Hussein's rule?

 Don't know/
 Favor Oppose Refused
 France 20 75 6=101
 November, 2002 33 64 3=100

 Germany 27 69 4=100
 November, 2002 26 71 3=100

 Russia 10 87 3=100
 November, 2002 12 79 9=100

 Turkey 12 86 2=100

Q.5 Ask in Turkey only:
 In your opinion, which of the following better explains why the U.S. might
 use military force against Iraq? Is it more because the U.S. believes that
 SADDAM HUSSEIN IS A THREAT to stability in the Middle East and world peace
 or is it more because this is a part of the U.S.'s war against MUSLIM COUNTRIES
 that it sees as unfriendly?

 US believes Part of war
 Saddam is against
 threat to Muslim Don't know/
 stability countries Refused
 Turkey 22 60 17=99
 November, 2002 34 53 13=100

Q.6a Generally, do you think American foreign policy has a positive effect on our country,
 a negative effect, or does American foreign policy have no effect on our country?

 Don't know/
 Positive Negative No Effect Refused
 Britain 38 39 11 12=100
 January, 2003 30 42 9 19=100

 France 14 63 20 4=101
 January, 2003 9 71 9 11=100

 Germany 15 59 20 5=99
 January, 2003 11 67 17 5=100

 Italy 17 52 15 16=100

 Spain 14 49 16 21=100
 January, 2003 9 57 15 19=100

 Poland 26 41 18 15=100

 Russia 8 58 17 17=100
 January, 2003 11 55 23 11=100

 Turkey 14 68 9 10=101

[If Negative]
Q.6b Why is it that American policy is having a negative effect on our country?
 Is it mostly because of President George W. Bush or is it more a general
 problem with America?

 Mostly America Both Don't know/
 Bush in general [VOL.] Refused
 Britain 56 31 11 2=100 (N=375)
 France 76 15 7 1=99 (N=305)
 Germany 68 30 1 *=99 (N=327)
 Italy 52 36 7 5=100 (N=258)
 Spain 53 33 10 5=101 (N=247)
 Poland 44 40 10 6=100 (N=205)
 Russia 29 48 17 6=100 (N=290)
 Turkey 35 48 12 6=101 (N=348)

Q.7 If Iraq is disarmed and Saddam Hussein is removed from power by the U.S.
 and its allies, do you think the people of Iraq will be better off or worse
 off in the long run than they are now?

 Better Worse Don't know/
 Off Off Refused
 United States 79 8 13=100
 Britain 76 8 16=100
 France 73 14 13=100
 Germany 71 15 14=100
 Italy 61 18 20=99
 Spain 46 21 33=100
 Poland 52 22 27=101
 Russia 20 40 40=100
 Turkey 33 52 15=100

Q.8 If Iraq is disarmed and Saddam Hussein is removed from power by the U.S.
 and its allies, do you think the Middle East region will be more stable
 or less stable in the long run than it is now?

 More Less Don't know/
 Stable Stable Refused
 United States 64 17 19=100

 Britain 59 22 19=100

 France 46 37 17=100

 Germany 56 32 13=101

 Italy 46 27 26=99

 Spain 38 29 33=100

 Poland 46 34 20=100

 Russia 21 45 34=100

 Turkey 30 56 15=101

Q.9 Do you think the partnership between the U.S. and Western Europe should
 remain as close as it has been or do you think that Western Europe should
 take a more independent approach to security and diplomatic affairs than
 it has in the past?

 Remain More Don't know/
 As Close Independent Refused
 U.S. February, 2003 62 29 9=100

 Britain 40 48 12=100
 April, 2002 48 47 5=100

 France 30 67 4=101
 April, 2002 33 60 7=100

 Germany 46 52 3=101
 April, 2002 44 51 5=100

 Italy 30 63 7=100
 April, 2002 36 59 5=100

 Spain 24 60 16=100

 Poland 40 49 11=100

 Russia 17 72 11=100

 Turkey 17 62 21=100

Q.10 Does the current controversy over what to do about Iraq show that the United
 Nations still plays an important role in dealing with international conflicts
 or does it show that the United Nations is not so important any more?

 Still Not so No Difference Don't know/
 Important Important [VOL.] Refused
 United States 54 32 1 13=100

 Britain 54 35 1 11=101

 France 55 42 1 2=100

 Germany 73 24 * 3=100

 Italy 52 39 2 8=101

 Spain 41 40 3 16=100

 Poland 49 35 6 11=101

 Russia 29 57 3 11=100

 Turkey 23 47 12 19=101

Ask in Turkey only:
Q.11 Has the Turkish parliament made the right decision not to allow the American
 military to use Turkey as a staging ground for a possible war against Iraq?

 Right Wrong Don't know
 Decision Decision Refused
 Turkey 52 37 11=100

***********************************************************************************

 PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS
 MARCH 2003 NEWS INTEREST INDEX
 FINAL U.S. TOPLINE
 March 13-16, 2003
 N=1,032

Q.3 Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling
 the nation's foreign policy?

 Gallup Early
 April October Sept Aug
 2002 2001 2001 2001
 53 Approve 69 81 46 45
 36 Disapprove 20 14 34 32
 11 Don't know/Refused 11 5 20 23
 100 100 100 100 100

On the subject of Iraq
Q.4 How much have you yourself thought about whether the U.S. should use military
 force to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq? [READ]

 Early Mid- Late Early
 Feb Jan Dec Oct Sept Aug Jan
 2003 2003 2002 2002 2002 2002 1991
 64 A Great deal 58 56 58 54 55 46 66
 24 Some 27 29 29 32 27 35 24
 7 Only a little OR 8 8 8 8 9 11 6
 4 Not at all 6 6 4 5 6 6 2
 1 Don't know/Refused 1 1 1 1 3 2 2
 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

Q.5/6 Would you favor or oppose taking military action in Iraq to end Saddam Hussein's
 rule? [IF FAVOR, ASK Should we attack Iraq only if our major allies agree to join
 us, or attack Iraq even if allies do not want to join us?]

 Late Early Mid Late --------Gallup----------
 Feb Jan Dec Nov Oct Oct Sept Aug June Nov Feb June Mar
 2003 2003 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2001 2001 1993 1992
 59 Favor 66 68 65 62 55 62 64 64 59 74 52 70 55
 38 Even if allies won't join 38 26 -- -- 27 -- 33 30 -- -- -- -- --
 16 Only if allies agree 22 37 -- -- 23 -- 25 30 -- -- -- -- --
 5 Don't know/Refused 6 5 -- -- 5 -- 6 4 -- -- -- -- --
 30 Oppose 26 25 25 26 34 28 23 21 34 20 42 27 40
 11 Don't know/Ref. 8 7 10 12 11 10 13 15 7 6 6 3 5
100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

ASK ALL:
Q.7 Do you think George W. Bush has explained clearly what's at stake as to why the
 U.S. might use military force to end the rule of Saddam Hussein, or do you think
 he has not explained the reasons clearly enough?

 Late Mid- Late
 Feb Jan Dec Oct Sept Aug NY Times
 2003 2003 2002 2002 2002 2002 Aug 1990
 49 Explained clearly 53 42 48 48 52 37 50
 47 Not clearly 40 53 45 45 37 52 41
 4 Don't know/Refused 7 5 7 7 11 11 9
 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

Q.8 Should the U.S. first get a United Nations resolution to use force before taking
 military action against Iraq or don't you think the U.S. needs to do this?
IF "SHOULD GET UN RESOLUTION" ASK:
Q.9 If the U.S. and most of its allies back using force against Iraq, but the UN resolution
 is vetoed by one or two countries who oppose it what should the U.S. do? [READ AND ROTATE]

 Feb
 2003
 54 Should first get a UN resolution 57
 24 Not use force because the UN has not approved it 22
 25 Use force if it feels it is the right thing to do 30
 5 Don't know/Refused (VOL. DO NOT READ) 5
 35 Does not need to do this 33
 1 Should not use force in Iraq (VOL.) *
 10 Don't know/Refused (VOL.) 10
 100 100

ASK ALL:
Q.10 In your opinion, what do you think the UN weapons inspections have shown so far...
 [READ ALL THREE OPTIONS; ROTATE ITEMS 1 & 2]
 Feb
 2003
 8 That Iraq will cooperate and can be peacefully disarmed 4
 60 That Iraq will not cooperate and can not be peacefully disarmed 58
 --OR--
 28 That it is too early to tell 34
 4 Don't know/Refused (VOL. DO NOT READ) 4
 100 100

Q.11 From your point of view, does the U.S. now have enough international support to
 use military force against Iraq or do you think it still has to convince more
 of its allies to go along?

 Feb
 2003
 37 Has enough international support 37
 56 Still has to convince more 56
 7 Don't know/Refused (VOL.) 7
 100 100

Q.12 If Iraq is disarmed and Saddam Hussein is removed from power by the U.S. and
 its allies, do you think the people of Iraq will be better off or worse off
 in the long run than they are now?

 79 Better off
 8 Worse off
 13 Don't know/Refused
 100

Q.13 If Iraq is disarmed and Saddam Hussein is removed from power by the U.S. and
 its allies do you think the Middle East region will be more stable or less
 stable in the long run than it is now?

 64 More stable
 17 Less stable
 19 Don't know/Refused
 100

Q.14 Does the current controversy over what to do about Iraq show that the United
 Nations still plays an important role in dealing with international conflicts
 or does it show that the United Nations is not so important any more?

 54 Still plays important role
 32 Not so important
 1 No difference [VOL.]
 13 Don't know/Refused
 100