Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World

Diverse Cultures and Shared Experiences Shape Asian American Identities


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Pew Research Center is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts, its primary funder. The Center’s Asian American portfolio was funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts, with generous support from The Asian American Foundation; Chan Zuckerberg Initiative DAF, an advised fund of the Silicon Valley Community Foundation; the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; the Henry Luce Foundation; the Doris Duke Foundation; The Wallace H. Coulter Foundation; The Dirk and Charlene Kabcenell Foundation; The Long Family Foundation; Lu-Hebert Fund; Gee Family Foundation; Joseph Cotchett; the Julian Abdey and Sabrina Moyle Charitable Fund; and Nanci Nishimura.

We would also like to thank the Leaders Forum for its thought leadership and valuable assistance in helping make this survey possible.

The strategic communications campaign used to promote the research was made possible with generous support from the Doris Duke Foundation.

This report was written by Neil G. Ruiz, head of new research initiatives and associate director of race and ethnicity research; Luis Noe-Bustamante, research associate; and Sono Shah, computational social scientist.

Many individuals contributed to this study’s design, data collection and methodology. This survey and the subsequent reports from it would not be possible without Senior Methodologist Ashley Amaya, who designed the survey’s methodology, managed the long fielding period with Westat, and helped with the questionnaire development. The entire project was expertly managed by Luis Noe-Bustamante. Noe-Bustamante also managed a team that carried out the survey’s data processing and included temporary Research Associate Abby Budiman, Research Assistant Carolyne Im, Research Methodologist Arnold Lau and Research Assistant Lauren Mora.

Ruiz and former Research Associate Sunny Shao led the development of the survey questionnaire with help from Amaya, Research Associate Khadijah Edwards, Research Assistant Mohamad Moslimani, Mora and Noe-Bustamante. Senior Demographer Jeffrey Passel provided advice on the demographic analysis. Pew Research Center is also grateful to Westat’s Mike Brick, Ismael Flores Cervantes, Eric Jodts and Hanna Popick for their many contributions to this project.

Director of Race and Ethnicity Research Mark Hugo Lopez provided editorial guidance over the project, including the survey questionnaire, report and related products. The report was number-checked by Im, Mora and Moslimani. The tabulation plan was developed by Im, Mora, Moslimani and Noe-Bustamante with guidance from Panel Manager Dorene Asare-Marfo, Research Methodologist Anna Brown and Associate Panel Manager Dana Popky. Senior Copy Editor David Kent copy edited the report. The report was produced by Digital Producer Shannon Greenwood.

The communications and outreach strategy for the report was led by Communications Manager Hannah Klein, with help from Communications Manager Tanya Arditi and Communications Associates Mimi Cottingham, Gar Meng Leong and Julia O’Hanlon. The charts and illustrations were designed by former Senior Information Graphics Designer Michael Keegan, as well as Budiman, Im, Mora and Noe-Bustamante.

Pew Research Center is grateful to a panel of expert advisers who provided advice at all stages of this survey and report’s development: Yến Lê Espiritu, Distinguished Professor of Ethnic Studies at University of California, San Diego; Devesh Kapur, Starr Foundation Professor of South Asian Studies at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies; Anthony Christian Ocampo, Professor of Sociology at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona; Karthick Ramakrishnan, Professor of Public Policy at the University of California, Riverside; Janelle Wong, Professor of American Studies and Asian American Studies at the University of Maryland; and Yang Sao Xiong, Assistant Professor at College of Social Sciences at California State University, Fresno.

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