Public support for the separation of church and state is widespread in Western Europe, even in countries that have a government-mandated church tax to fund religious institutions, according to a new analysis of a recent Pew Research Center study.
Learn how Europeans in 10 EU member states feel about key institutions and issues ahead of European Parliament elections.
In general, Western European countries that have a mandatory church tax aren’t any less religious than those that don’t have such a tax.
When compared with other wealthy nations, the U.S. is unique in that a large share of its population prays every day.
Giving a share of one’s income to the church has been a part of European tradition for centuries. Today, several countries continue to collect a “church tax” on behalf of officially recognized religious organizations, in some cases levying the tax on all registered members.
Sizable majorities of adults in six European countries with a mandatory tax say they pay it and few say they are likely to opt out.
Dissatisfaction with democracy is correlated with views on economic conditions, whether key democratic norms are being respected and other issues.
Across 27 countries, more people are unhappy with the state of democracy in their countries than satisfied. Discontent with democracy is tied to concerns about the economy, individual rights and out-of-touch elites.
France’s news media habits and political dynamics stand apart from those of other Western European countries in a number of ways, according to a recent Pew Research Center report.
People see diversity and gender equality increasing in their countries but say family ties have weakened. Views on the importance of religion vary widely.