Even amid signs of improvement in the U.S. labor market overall, about four-in-ten unemployed workers had been out of work for more than six months in February 2021, about double the share in February 2020, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis. By February 2021, 4.1 million Americans were among the long-term unemployed, making up 2.6% of the workforce overall. 

Job losses during the coronavirus recession have affected some demographic groups more than others, and the rise in long-term unemployment has been greater among Asian American unemployed workers. In the fourth quarter of 2020, nearly half of unemployed Asian workers had been out of work for more than six months, compared with 21% in the fourth quarter of 2019.