November 5, 2015

Who does more at home when both parents work? Depends on which one you ask

Mothers More Likely to See an Uneven Division of Labor at HomeMoms and dads don’t necessarily see eye to eye when it comes to how certain tasks are divided at home.

More fathers than mothers in families with two full-time working parents say they and their partner share responsibilities about equally when it comes to managing the children’s schedules and activities, caring for sick kids and handling household chores, according to a new Pew Research Center survey. Mothers in these families see it differently: Many say they are doing more when it comes to these tasks.

For example, in families with two full-time working parents overall, 59% of parents overall say they and their partners share household chores about equally, while 31% say the mother does more and 9% say the father does. Moms, however, are twice as likely as dads to say they handle more of these tasks. For their part, most dads see a more even division of household chores: 64% say they and their partner share this about equally. 

While it’s hard to say whose account is the most accurate when it comes to how parenting and household responsibilities are shared, an analysis of the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) data provides a glimpse into how full-time working moms and dads spend their time. This analysis shows that while full-time working moms spend more time than full-time working dads on parenting and household tasks, the difference is modest. For example, mothers who work full time spend an average of 11.9 hours per week, or 1.7 hours per day, on housework, compared with 1.2 hours per day among fathers who work full time.

How Full-Time Working Moms and Dads Spend Their TimeWhen it comes to child care activities, including managing schedules, driving kids to activities, providing physical care, and helping with homework, full-time working moms spend an average of 1.4 hours per day, just slightly more than the 1 hour per day full-time working dads spend on these activities.

Fathers, for their part, put in more time at work, but here, too, the difference is modest. Full-time working dads spend about an hour more per day on paid work than full-time working moms (6.5 hours vs. 5.6 hours per day).

While working moms and dads may have different perceptions of who’s doing more at home, they agree that balancing work and family responsibilities is difficult: 57% of full-time working parents say it’s hard to strike a balance, and 46%, including half of full-time working dads, say they don’t spend enough time with their kids. In a 2013 survey, 41% of parents with children under 18 (including somewhat similar shares of mothers and fathers) said it was extremely important for them to have a job that allows them to take time off for child care and family issues.

Topics: Gender, Work and Employment, Parenthood, Household and Family Structure

  1. Photo of Juliana Menasce Horowitz

    is an associate director of research at Pew Research Center.


  1. Stephen Moore2 years ago

    The reason moms spend more time on housework than dads is because it’s more important to them. If I’m tired and worn out I’m sitting down and resting. My wife will stay up working. Also it seems that work men do in the outside of the house or on the house doesn’t count. My wife works way harder than I do. She works way harder than most people. I won’t even try to.

  2. Molly King2 years ago

    Thank you for these important updates on this important topic. I think the gender discrepancy in views of who is doing more at home is fascinating.

    I would, however, like to disagree with the assertion that the differences in time that working mothers and fathers spend on housework and parenting tasks, and on paid work, are modest. The 30 minute additional amount of time per day (1.7 vs. 1.2 hpurs) spent by working mothers on housework adds up to 3.5 hours per week, or ~182 hours a year. This is equivalent to an extra 2 full 7-day weeks of 12-hour days of housework that working mothers do, extra, compared to working fathers. This time is balanced by twice the difference in paid work time in the reverse direction. I would not call these modest differences.