December 16, 2013

Who men and women prefer as their co-workers

workpreference_1213Most Americans say it doesn’t matter if their co-workers are men or women. But for those with a preference, men say they would rather work with men—and so do women, according to a recent Pew Research Center survey.

About three-quarters of adults, including 78% of men and 76% of women, say it doesn’t matter to them if their co-workers are women or men.

But to the remaining 22%, gender matters—and it’s men who get the nod from both sexes by about a 2-1 margin, according to the national telephone survey of 2,002 adults conducted Oct 7-27.

When the results are broken down by gender, men who express a preference are twice as likely to say they would mostly prefer having other men as co-workers than women (14% vs. 7%).

coworkerpreference2_1213Women with a preference agree:  About one-in-five (18%) say they would rather their co-workers be men while only 5% would mostly prefer to work with other women.

To test gender preferences in the workplace, respondents who are currently employed or have ever held a job were asked a series of three questions. The first two asked whether respondents thought men and women preferred working mostly with men or with women. (More about the responses to these questions in a moment.)

The third question asked respondents for their personal view: “And what about you, do you mostly prefer having men as co-workers, women as co-workers, or doesn’t it matter to you?” (For a more detailed analysis of gender in the workplace, see the Pew Research Center report “On Pay Gap, Millennial Women Near Parity—For Now.) 

Preferences by Generation

coworkergenerations1213Members of the Millennial generation—adults ages 18 to 32—are significantly less likely to prefer working with male coworkers than other generations. Overall, about one-in-ten (11%) of young adults say they want to work mostly with men compared with 19% of Gen Xers, 16% of Baby Boomers and 21% of the Silent generation.

Adding gender to the analysis reveals other notable generational differences. Millennial men are significantly more likely than older men and Millennial women to say they prefer to work mostly with women. Overall 11% of these young men say they favor working with women compared with 5% of all non-Millennial men and 6% of Millennial women.

At the same time, about one-in-five of Gen X women favor male over female co-workers (22% vs. 3%). That’s also larger than the share of Boomer men (13%) or Millennials, regardless of gender (men 11%, women 12%) who would rather work mostly with men.

Women of the Silent generation (adults ages 66 and older) are more likely than Millennial men to favor male co-workers (20% vs. 11%). The sample of Silent generation men in this sample is too small to analyze.

Broadening the View

While relatively few Americans say they personally would rather work mostly with one gender, the results change significantly when the question is broadened to test what respondents believe the broader public prefers.

Instead of asking their personal preference, two questions asked respondents whether, “generally speaking,” they thought the sexes preferred having men or women as co-workers.

coworkersgender1213Now, about four-in-ten (44%) believe that men have a preference when it comes to the gender of their coworkers. About a third (34%) believe that women also have gender preferences in co-workers.

But beyond these differences, the overall pattern of these responses is the same as when men and women are asked about their personal views–with one notable exception.

When asked about male preferences, men and women agree that men prefer men as coworkers.

Among male respondents, about three-in-ten (32%) say men generally prefer to work with men while only 7% say they favor women co-workers.  An even larger share of women—40%–of women say men prefer men as co-workers while 9% say men would rather work with women.

But the pattern changes when men are asked about women’s preferences. Now a larger share of men believes that women prefer to work with other women rather than with men (25% vs. 13%).

In contrast, female respondents say that women favor male co-workers (21% say men vs. 10% say women)—a view that is accurate based on women’s actual answers.

Category: Social Studies

Topics: Gender, Work and Employment

  1. Photo of Rich Morin

    is Senior Editor at the Pew Research Center’s Social & Demographic Trends Project.

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5 Comments

  1. Randy9 months ago

    I know 2 women very well. One is my wife of 33 years who happens to work outside of the home in an office setting… and the other is a secretary that I worked with for 17 years before I retired in 2011. Obviously my relationship with these women are not the same but I have been party to discussions on this topic numerous times.

    Both of these women have told me repeatedly, that they would rather work with men. The primary reason is the meanness/petty “harassment” of other women. They view men as generally being more polite and friendly. The second reason is they both perceive that men that get mad/angry/upset over something, are much quicker to “get back to normal”. Apparently (in their opinion) when women get angry in a work setting, they stay mad/angry/mean for much longer periods of time. The men were viewed as “getting over it” fairly quickly and just getting back to work.

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  2. Christine9 months ago

    As a female member of the American workforce for 42 years now, although I would like to say that it does not matter what gender my co-workers are, if I am to be truthful, it really does matter. I have had more trouble with members of my own gender with office politics, jealousy, competitiveness and downright meanness that I have ever had with male co-workers. And after 42 years I must say, I am weary of the “Mean Girls” scenario and truly look forward to retirement, the company of my husband and my cats! Come on ladies, I thought we had “Come a Long Way, Baby!”

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  3. grits10 months ago

    As a female and a RN, I would much rather work with a male. Women are much too cattie and we are our worst enemys.

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  4. Harry11 months ago

    I suspect the research results might be quite different if the questions had slightly more granularity. For example, business and technical respondents might have a very different response if they were asked about their preferences relative to respective gender education and experience. In my experience many firms still have targeted gender goals which, in some cases, fast track individuals that might not make the grade otherwise. As a former senior federal manager I was actually asked by a fellow executive whether a female should be promoted into a highly responsible position because she had been fast-tracked. My response was that she had consistantly demonstrated superior capability and she should not be held back because of a perceived inability to perform. Rather she should be encouraged to succeed. Unfortunately, that still doesn’t seem to be a widely supported position.

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  5. Lynnae11 months ago

    It depends on the industry, the type of jobs held by the person and the others (male and female) around them. This seems to be too simplistic of a look.

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