Indian population in the U.S., 2000-2019

Year Population
2000 1,900,000
2010 3,183,000
2015 3,982,000
2019 4,606,000

Pew Research Center

English proficiency of Indian population in the U.S., 2019

Category English proficient
All 82%
U.S. born 96%
Foreign born 77%
Adults 80%
All Asians 72%

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Length of time in the U.S. for Indian immigrants, 2000-2019

Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 54% 46%
2010 48% 52%
2015 43% 57%
2019 43% 57%

Pew Research Center

Year 0 to 10 years More than 10 years
2000 44% 56%
2010 36% 64%
2015 34% 66%
2019 34% 66%

Pew Research Center

Educational attainment of Indian population in the U.S., 2019

Category High school or less Some college Bachelor's degree Postgrad degree
All 15% 10% 32% 43%
U.S. born 11% 14% 34% 41%
Foreign born 16% 9% 32% 43%
All Asians 27% 19% 30% 24%
All Americans 39% 29% 20% 13%

 

Pew Research Center

U.S. Indian population living in poverty, 2019

Group All Americans All Asians All Indians
All 13% 10% 6%
U.S. born 13% 9% 7%
Foreign born 14% 11% 6%

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Top 10 U.S. metropolitan areas by Indian population, 2019

Metro area Indian population
New York 711,000
Chicago 238,000
San Francisco 234,000
Dallas 208,000
Washington 192,000
San Jose, CA 189,000
Los Angeles 171,000
Houston 161,000
Atlanta 137,000
Philadelphia 137,000

Pew Research Center

Demographic characteristics of U.S. Indian population, 2019

% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Indians in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN AGE (in years) 34 33 13 39
AGE
Younger than 5 7 7 21 1
5-17 17 17 42 6
18-29 18 17 20 16
30-39 17 22 10 28
40-49 14 16 5 21
50-64 16 12 2 17
65+ 11 8 1 12
NATIVITY
U.S. born 43 32
Foreign born 57 68
YEARS IN U.S. (among foreign born)
0-5 years 21 29
6-10 years 13 14
11-15 years 11 13
16-20 years 12 13
21+ years 44 31
CITIZENSHIP (among foreign born)
U.S. citizen 59 49
Not a U.S. citizen 41 51
MARITAL STATUS (18 and older)
Married 59 71 34 77
Divorced/Separated/Widowed 11 7 5 7
Never married 30 23 61 16
FERTILITY (among women ages 15 to 44)
Women who have given birth in the past 12 months 6 7 4 8
HOUSEHOLD TYPE, BY PERSONS
Married-couple household 71 82 83 82
Other family household 13 7 8 6
Non-family household 15 11 10 12
IN A MULTIGENERATIONAL HOUSEHOLD
Multigenerational household 27 22 19 24

Note: Family households are those with a household head and one or more persons living in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Households with a household head and an unmarried partner are only considered family households if there are other persons in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Multigenerational households are households with two or more adult generations or one that includes grandparents and grandchildren. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Figures for Indians and all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2017-2019 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center

Economic characteristics of U.S. Indian population, 2019

% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Indians in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME $85,800 $119,000 $104,400 $120,000
MEDIAN ANNUAL PERSONAL EARNINGS (ages 16 and older with positive earnings)
All $40,000 $68,000 $42,000 $72,000
Full-time, year-round workers $60,000 $85,000 $71,000 $89,000
EMPLOYMENT STATUS (civilians ages 16 and older)
Employed 64 67 63 68
Not employed 3 3 3 2
Not in labor force 34 30 34 29
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE (civilians ages 16 and older in the labor force) 4 4 5 4
LIVING IN POVERTY
All ages 10 6 7 6
Younger than 18 10 5 5 7
18-64 10 7 10 6
65 and older 12 8 9 8
HOMEOWNERSHIP (households)
Owner-occupied 59 57 52 58
Renter-occupied 41 43 48 42

Note: The household population excludes persons living in institutions, college dormitories and other group quarters. Households are classified by the race or detailed Asian group of the head. “Full-time, year-round workers” are defined as people ages 16 and older who usually worked at least 35 hours per week and at least 48 weeks in the past year. The share of the population ages 16 and older who are not employed differs from the unemployment rate because the share not employed is based on the total population, while the unemployment rate is based on those who are in the labor force (i.e. working or looking for work). Poverty status is determined for individuals in housing units and non-institutional group quarters. It is unavailable for children younger than 15 who are not related to the householder, people living in institutional group quarters and people living in college dormitories or military barracks. Due to the way in which the IPUMS assigns poverty values, these data will differ from those provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Figures for Indians and all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2017-2019 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center

Find out more

Explore fact sheets on other Asian groups in the U.S.

Read the methodology.