This report was produced by Pew Research Center as part of the Pew-Templeton Global Religious Future project, which analyzes religious change and its impact on societies around the world. Funding for the Global Religious Futures project comes from The Pew Charitable Trusts and the John Templeton Foundation.
This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals:
Neha Sahgal, Associate Director of Research
Alan Cooperman, Director of Religion Research
Scott Gardner, Senior Researcher
Katie Simmons, Associate Director of Research
Steve Schwarzer, Research Methodologist
Ariana Monique Salazar, Research Analyst
Jonathan Evans, Research Analyst
Kelsey Jo Starr, Research Assistant
Danielle Cuddington, Research Analyst
Janell Fetterolf, Research Associate
Dorothy Manevich, Research Assistant
Juan Carlos Esparza Ochoa, Data Manager
Anne Fengyan Shi, Research Associate
Editorial and Graphic Design
Michael Lipka, Senior Editor
Jeff Diamant, Senior Writer/Editor
Aleksandra Sandstrom, Copy Editor
Bill Webster, Information Graphics Designer
Diana Yoo, Art Director
Communications and Web Publishing
Stacy Rosenberg, Senior Digital Manager
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer
Stefan S. Cornibert, Communications Associate
Anna Schiller, Communications Manager
Others at Pew Research Center who provided research guidance include Michael Dimock, James Bell, Claudia Deane, Gregory A. Smith, Conrad Hackett and Jacob Poushter.
Former Pew Research Center staff members who worked on this study were Jill Carle, Juan Carlos Donoso, Fatima Ghani, Sandra Stencel, Angelina E. Theodorou and Gijs van Houten.
Pew Research Center received valuable advice on all phases of this project from a panel of expert advisers: George E. Demacopoulos, professor of theology and co-director of the Orthodox Christian Studies Center at Fordham University; Kathleen A. Frankovic, election and polling consultant; Lucian N. Leustean, reader in politics and international relations at Aston University; Irina Papkova, research fellow at the Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs at Georgetown University; Victor Roudometof, associate professor of sociology at the University of Cyprus; and Catherine Wanner, professor of history, anthropology and religious studies at The Pennsylvania State University.
Fieldwork for the survey was carried out by Ipsos MORI in Greece, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Croatia, Lithuania, Hungary, Estonia, Bosnia and the Czech Republic; the Institute for Comparative Social Research Ltd. (CESSI) in Moldova, Georgia, Ukraine, Belarus, Russia and Latvia; and the Georgian Opinion Research Business International (GORBI) in Armenia.
While the analysis for this report was guided by our consultations with the advisers, Pew Research Center is solely responsible for the interpretation and reporting of the data.