The U.S. Hispanic population is diverse. These nearly 60 million individuals trace their heritage to Spanish-speaking countries in Latin America and to Spain, each with distinct demographic and economic profiles. But as migration patterns from Latin America change, the origins of U.S. Hispanics are beginning to shift.
While Mexico is the United States' largest source of immigrants, the number of Mexican immigrants living in the U.S. illegally has declined since 2007.
Border apprehensions are rising quickly and the demographic profile of apprehended migrants is changing.
Roughly 318,000 immigrants have this status after fleeing dangerous conditions in their countries. Learn more on the status for the largest origin groups now protected under TPS.
Remittance flows decreased worldwide for a second consecutive year in 2016, the first back-to-back decline in over three decades. Remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean, however, rose to a record high.
High intermarriage rates and declining immigration are changing how some Americans with Hispanic ancestry see their identity. Most U.S. adults with Hispanic ancestry self-identify as Hispanic, but 11%, or 5 million, do not.
The increase from these countries exceeded modest growth of the overall foreign-born population and came amid a decline in immigrants from Mexico.
The Latino population in the United States, drawn from an increasingly diverse mix of countries, has reached nearly 58 million in 2016 and has been the principal driver of U.S. demographic growth, accounting for half of national population growth since 2000.
Key charts and stats about Latinos in the United States from 1980 to 2015.
While 67% of lawful immigrants eligible for naturalization had applied for and obtained U.S. citizenship by 2015, this share was only 42% among Mexicans.