In addition to government actions, there also was a dramatic increase in Europe in some measures of social hostility to religion.
About six-in-ten Hispanics have experienced discrimination because of their race or ethnicity, though their experiences vary by skin color.
Black adults are particularly likely to say slavery continues to have an impact: More than eight-in-ten say this is the case.
Attitudes vary considerably by race on issues including crime, policing, the death penalty, parole decisions and voting rights.
Most American adults (82%) say Muslims are subject to at least some discrimination in the U.S. today, according to a Pew Research Center survey conducted in March – including a majority (56%) who say Muslims are discriminated against a lot.
Certain black Americans – particularly those who are college educated or male – are more likely to say they’ve faced certain situations because of their race.
Today, 64% of Americans say Jews face at least some discrimination, a 20-percentage-point increase from 2016. Partisans are divided in their views of discrimination against Jews – and many other groups.
Many Americans say the country hasn’t gone far enough in giving black people equal rights with whites. Most believe slavery continues to impact black people’s status.
The public’s views of Donald Trump have changed little over the course of his presidency – and this is the case for opinions about whether Trump has done enough to distance himself from white nationalist groups.
Reports of anti-Semitic incidents in France rose dramatically in 2018. Yet most French adults do not believe negative Jewish stereotypes and are accepting of Jews.