Survey Details: Conducted November 2014 | File Release Date: 22 March 2016
While Christian women are on the whole more religious than Christian men, Muslim women and Muslim men have similar levels of religious commitment. And when it comes to attendance at worship services, Muslim men are more active than Muslim women.
A discussion with David Voas of the Department of Social Science at University College London on the gender gap in religion around the world.
Generally, women are more likely than men to be affiliated with a religious organization; women also pray more, and are more inclined to say religion is “very important” in their lives.
Standard lists of history’s most influential religious leaders – among them Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad, Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha) – tend to be predominantly, if not exclusively, male. Many religious groups, including Roman Catholics and Orthodox Jews, allow only men to be clergy, while others, including some denominations in the evangelical Protestant tradition, have lifted that restriction only in recent decades. Yet it often appears that the ranks of the faithful are dominated by women.
Gender equality is among the most widely accepted democratic principles around the world.
We looked at nine major religious organizations in the U.S. that both ordain women and allow them to hold top leadership slots.
Religious institutions are starting to formally address the participation of transgender people in their congregations, much as they have with the issue of accepting homosexuals.
In wealthier nations, women are more likely than men to consider climate change a serious problem, be concerned it will harm them personally and say that major lifestyle changes are needed to solve the problem.
China’s rapid economic development, its urbanization and its culture will continue to play a role in family size and the population’s gender makeup.