This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals.

Laura Silver, Senior Researcher
Kat Devlin, Research Associate
Christine Tamir, Research Assistant

James Bell, Vice President, Global Strategy
Alexandra Castillo, Research Associate
Jeremiah Cha, Research Assistant
Stefan S. Cornibert, Communications Manager
Claudia Deane, Vice President, Research
Moira Fagan, Research Analyst
Janell Fetterolf, Research Associate
Shannon Greenwood, Digital Producer
Christine Huang, Research Analyst
Courtney Johnson, Research Associate
Michael Keegan, Senior Information Graphics Designer
David Kent, Copy Editor
Nicholas O. Kent, Research Assistant
Colin Lahiff, Communications Associate
Gar Meng Leong, Communications Associate
Clark Letterman, Senior Researcher
J.J. Moncus, Research Assistant
Martha McRoy, Research Methodologist
Mara Mordecai, Research Assistant
Patrick Moynihan, Associate Director, International Research Methods
Stacy Pancratz, Research Methodologist
Jacob Poushter, Associate Director, Global Attitudes Research
Andrew Perrin, Research Analyst
Lee Rainie, Director, Internet and Technology Research
Shannon Schumacher, Research Associate
Aaron Smith, Associate Director, Data Labs Research
Richard Wike, Director, Global Attitudes Research

In addition, the report benefited from feedback provided by the following Pew Research Center researchers: Conrad Hackett, Adam Hughes, Mark Hugo Lopez, Lee Rainie, Neil Ruiz and Neha Segal.

Pew Research Center also received helpful advice and feedback for this report from a panel of expert advisers: Michael Kende, Visiting Professor at the Graduate Institute, Geneva; Christopher Yoo, John H. Chestnut Professor of Law, Communication, and Computer & Information Science, and Director, Center of Technology, Innovation & Competition at the University of Pennsylvania; and Joshua A. Tucker, Professor of Politics, Director of the Jordan Center of the Advanced Study of Russia and Co-Director of the Social Media and Political Participation (SMaPP) lab at New York University. While the analysis was guided by our consultations with these advisers, Pew Research Center is solely responsible for the interpretation and reporting of the data.