Apr 18, 2014 7:00 am

On weekends, dads find more time for leisure than moms

It’s well documented that mothers do more child care and housework than fathers. But what about on the weekend, when both parents theoretically have more time for leisure?

Our new analysis of time use data shows a striking change of pace for moms and dads on Saturday and Sunday. Mothers take a little break from child care (but not housework) on the weekend. Fathers pick up more housework, and the amount of time they devote to child care is a lot closer to mothers’ on the weekend.

But when it comes to leisure, fathers take full advantage of the weekends. The “leisure gap” between fathers and mothers, which is quite modest on the weekdays, grows to a one hour difference on Saturdays and Sundays. Read More

Topics: Gender, Parenthood

Apr 17, 2014 11:02 am

Data Feed: Newly insured in 2014, future of tech, how Americans die

A daily roundup of fresh data from scholars, governments, think tanks, pollsters and other social science researchers.

Politics
Republicans narrow Democrats’ fundraising advantage in 54 competitive contests, WSJ
Many voters say Obama lies to the country on important matters, topline, Fox News
Christie, Bush and Paul are top GOP picks, today, for 2016, Fox News
California voters prefer lower taxes, fewer gov’t services by a 54% to 35% margin, Field  Read More

Apr 17, 2014 9:00 am

Reality check: How close are we to teleportation and Mars colonies?

Americans tend to be optimists when it comes to new technologies. According to a new Pew Research Center survey, 59% of Americans think scientific and technological innovations over the next half-century will, overall, improve people’s lives. We recently asked Americans about their views on a variety of scientific developments, including some innovations that are already moving out of the lab and into the real world, such as Japan’s robotic attendants for the elderly and self-driving cars.

We also asked Americans how likely they thought five things were to happen by 2064. Here’s what they said, presented in the order of those that Americans think most “definitely” and “probably” will happen, as well as a summary of current developments and research:

1People in need of an organ transplant will have new organs custom-made for them in a lab.

organ creation in lab pew report
Dr. Anthony Atala holds the scaffolding for a human kidney created by a 3-D printer in a laboratory. Credit: Allen Breed/AP/Corbis

What the public says: 22% definitely will happen, 60% probably will happen Read More

Topics: Science and Innovation

Apr 17, 2014 7:30 am

Five findings about digital video news

News audiences are watching more digital news video than ever before and newsrooms are investing in creating more video content. The challenge—as is the case with other digital ad revenue—is that big tech firms such as Google and Facebook are poised to pocket a large share of the digital video ad dollars because they are able to more effectively monetize video content.

As part of its State of the News Media 2014 report, the Pew Research Center surveyed U.S. adults about their digital video habits to get a sense of that marketplace today. Here’s what we found:

1The digital video advertising market is relatively small, but it is growing rapidly. According to eMarketer, digital video advertising in 2013 accounted for about 10% of the overall digital advertising market. But digital video ad revenue reached $4.15 billion in 2013, which represents a 44% increase from 2012 and almost a tripling of the revenue from 2010. YouTube is estimated to account for 20.5% of that that $4.15 billion in digital video advertising, and eMarketer estimates that its share will continue to grow, leaving fewer ad dollars for news organizations. Read More

Topics: Online Video, State of the News Media

Apr 17, 2014 6:00 am

From teleportation to robot servants: Americans’ predictions and dreams for the future

Americans see the next half-century as a period of profound scientific change, according to a new Pew Research Center study, but they don’t agree on what will or won’t come to pass, and whether certain future developments would have a positive or negative impact on society. Here are some key findings from the survey:

FT_14.04.17_FutureofTechKeyFindings_E

Opening U.S. airspace to drones: After Amazon founder Jeff Bezos revealed plans for 30-minute package delivery via drone in a “60 Minutes” episode, critics derided the idea as nonsense, citing a number of technical, economic and regulatory hurdles. Another hurdle may be that the public is largely unenthusiastic about the idea of giving drones permission to fly through most U.S. airspace: 63% of Americans think this would be a change for the worse, compared with 22% who say it would be a change for the better.

FT_14.04.17_FutureofTechKeyFindings_F Read More

Topics: Science and Innovation

Apr 16, 2014 3:53 pm

Europeans hold more liberal views on moral issues

When it comes to questions about morality, Europeans tend to see things a little differently than others around the world. On a range of moral issues, some of the globe’s most liberal opinions are found in the EU.

People in 40 countries were surveyed last spring about eight topics and were asked whether they considered each morally acceptable, morally unacceptable, or not a moral issue. Europeans were consistently less likely to judge these things as unacceptable compared with Latin Americans, Asians, Africans and Middle Easterners.

On moral issues, Europeans less like to judge as unacceptable

Read More

Topics: Asia and the Pacific, Europe, Latin America, Middle East and North Africa, Religious Beliefs and Practices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Europe

Apr 16, 2014 1:00 pm

Africans among the most morally opposed to contraception

Speaking to bishops from Tanzania last week, Pope Francis praised church workers in Africa “who strive diligently to educate people in the area of sexual responsibility and chastity” with the aim of preventing HIV and AIDS. Sub-Saharan Africa is home to more than two-thirds of the world’s people living with HIV, according to amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research.

Many in Africa see use of contraception as immoralWhile Francis didn’t specifically refer to condom use, his predecessor, Pope Benedict XVI, once said that condoms can “increase the problem” of HIV and AIDS by encouraging promiscuity. Roman Catholic Church teaching rejects the use of artificial contraception on a moral basis.

Several African nations stand out among the most conservative on the issue of contraceptive use, according to a recent Pew Research Center survey of people in 40 countries. Nigeria, Ghana, Uganda, Kenya and Senegal ranked among the nine countries with the most moral opposition to contraception.

Read More

Topics: Catholics and Catholicism, Religious Beliefs and Practices, Sub-Saharan Africa

Apr 16, 2014 11:54 am

67 years after Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier, Major League Baseball looks very different

Jackie Robinson is caught off first base. Credit: Bruce Bennett Studios/Getty Images

Major League Baseball is celebrating Jackie Robinson, who became the league’s first African-American player on April 15, 1947.

Robinson’s entry led the way to integrated teams and a steady rise in the number of professional black baseball players. However, in recent years, there has been growing concern about the declining share of black players in the league.

The share of black MLB players reached a high of 18.7% in 1981, according to the Society for American Baseball Research. In 2014, 8.3% of players on opening day rosters were black. Before the most recent decade’s decline, the last time baseball had such a small share of black players was 1958.

FT_14.04.16_BaseballAs the number of black players has declined, baseball has seen a rising share of white players, a trend that stands in stark contrast to the steady decline of whites as a share of the U.S. population. In 2012, the percentage of white ballplayers (63.9%) increased to levels last seen in 1995, when 64.5% of players were white.

Historically, the share of white players has been shrinking since the color barrier was broken, bottoming out at 60.3% in 2004. Since then, the percentage of white players has trended upward. Read More

Topics: Race and Ethnicity

Apr 16, 2014 11:03 am

Data Feed: Partisan Senate polls, Census changes, Health care sign-ups

A daily roundup of fresh data from scholars, governments, think tanks, pollsters and other social science researchers.

Politics
55% say Ukraine is key to U.S., but most oppose using force, topline, McClatchy/Marist
Christie is regaining ground, but Clinton tops entire GOP field, McClatchy/Marist
88% of California voters say that their state is undergoing a serious water shortage, Field
Obama’s job approval is at 38% among South Carolina voters; Congress at 14%, Winthrop
In N.J., 73% say state too slow in getting funds to Sandy victims, Monmouth/Asbury Park
Ideology explains a lot of Congressional behavior, but what about personality? WashPost
Dems in some competitive Senate races are raising more money than Republicans, WSJ
How partisan are partisan Senate polls? FiveThirtyEight

Read More

Category: Data Feed

Apr 15, 2014 2:40 pm

NSA coverage wins Pulitzer, but Americans remain divided on Snowden leaks

Glenn Greenwald wins Pulitzer Prize for NSA coverage
Glenn Greenwald gives an acceptance speech after receiving the George Polk Award for National Security Reporting. Greenwald, who reported for The Guardian, and Barton Gellman of The Washington Post, in background, led coverage of the NSA at their news organizations, which shared the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service. Credit: AP Photo/Richard Drew

Snowden, NSA, national interestWhile the journalism world conferred its top honor yesterday to the newspapers that reported on Edward Snowden’s National Security Agency leaks, the public remains divided over whether those classified leaks served the public interest.

Yesterday’s top Pulitzer Prize, in the category of Public Service, was awarded to the teams at The Washington Post and The Guardian US. News coverage of the award compared it to the 1971 news coverage and Pulitzer Prize for exposing the Pentagon Papers. In response to yesterday’s prize announcement, Snowden released a statement saying the award was a “vindication” of sorts.

But Snowden remains a polarizing figure to the American public, and the country is divided about whether the leaks have benefited the public interest more than they have harmed it. In a January survey by Pew Research and USA Today, 45% said his leaks served the public interest and 43% said they harmed the public interest. There was similar division when the story first broke last year: 49% said the leaks served the public interest and 44% said they harmed the public interest in June 2013.  Read More

Topics: National Security, Privacy and Safety, Surveillance