The renewal of diplomatic and economic ties has drawn widespread support in the U.S., but significant partisan differences on the future of the relationship between the two countries remain.
In 2015, more than 1.8 million people crossed the European Union’s borders illegally, up from 280,000 detections of illegal border crossings in 2014.
From 1965 to 2015, more than 16 million Mexicans migrated to the U.S. in one of the largest mass migrations in modern history. But Mexican migration to the U.S. has slowed in recent years. Today, Mexico also increasingly serves as a land bridge for Central American immigrants traveling to the U.S.
Out of 45 million U.S. arrivals by air and sea whose tourist or business visas expired in fiscal 2015, the agency estimates that about 416,500 people were still in the country this year.
The U.S. Supreme Court is expected in April to hear a lawsuit by Texas and 25 other states that seeks to block presidential executive actions offering deportation relief and work permits to unauthorized immigrants.