Most Americans are spiritual or religious in some way and many also say their spirituality and level of religiosity have changed over time.
65% of Americans say Hamas bears a lot of responsibility for the current conflict, compared with 35% who say this about the Israeli government.
82% of Jewish adults in the United States said caring about Israel is an essential or important part of what being Jewish means to them.
Only 35% of Israelis believe that Israel and an independent Palestine can coexist peacefully, down from 44% in 2017.
During the pandemic, a stable share of U.S. adults have been participating in religious services in some way – either virtually or in person – but in-person attendance is slightly lower than it was before COVID-19. Among Americans surveyed across several years, the vast majority described their attendance habits in roughly the same way in both 2019 and 2022.
Incidents against Jewish people in 2020 ranged from verbal and physical assaults to vandalism of cemeteries and scapegoating for the pandemic.
Most U.S. adults are neutral toward several religious groups, though Americans tend to rate their own religious group positively. More than a third of Americans hold unfavorable views of multiple religious groups.
The American Jewish population, like other religious groups, is in flux. Still, 88% of U.S. adults who were raised Jewish are still Jewish.
Jews ages 18 to 29 are just as likely as those 65 and older to say they attend religious services at least monthly (22% each).
Jewish Americans – much like the U.S. public overall – hold widely differing views on Israel and its political leadership.