Since 2000, there has been a downward trend in average effective tax rates for all but the richest taxpayers.
Black Americans view capitalism more negatively than positively but express hope in Black businesses
In an August 2022 survey, 54% of Black adults said they had a very or somewhat negative impression of capitalism, up from 40% in May 2019.
Over the span of the pandemic, rising housing costs have hit renters hard - and prices have continued to soar over the past year.
Overall, 30% of U.S. adults say descendants of people enslaved in the U.S. should be repaid in some way. 68% say they should not be repaid.
Black Americans support significant reforms to or complete overhauls of several U.S. institutions to ensure fair treatment. Yet even as they assess inequality and ideas about progress, many are pessimistic about whether society and institutions will change in ways that would reduce racism.
Roughly one-in-five workers say they are very or somewhat likely to look for a new job in the next six months, but only about a third of these workers think it would be easy to find one.
Black and Hispanic Americans, those with less education are more likely to fall out of the middle class each year
In the United States, the transience of economic status varies significantly across racial and ethnic groups and by level of education.
The share of adults who live in middle-class households fell from 61% in 1971 to 50% in 2021, according to a new analysis.
Nearly one-in-five middle-income families report receiving unemployment benefits in 2020.
The gender wage gap is narrower among younger workers nationally, and the gap varies across geographical areas.