Majorities in all but one of 10 European countries had no confidence in Xi Jinping to do the right thing regarding world affairs in a 2018 survey.
A growing share of people globally see U.S. power and influence as a major threat to their country. Views are linked with attitudes toward Trump and the U.S. as a whole.
A large majority of foreign affairs experts say the U.S. is less respected abroad than in the past. Many Americans agree, to a lesser extent.
Americans have less positive views of China, with a growing share concerned about China’s economic strength instead of its military capabilities.
Japanese feel better about their economy than at any time in nearly two decades. But they also believe average people are worse off than before the Great Recession and worry about their children's futures.
People have taken note that China continues to play an ever-larger role in world affairs. Yet a lack of enthusiasm for Chinese world leadership persists.
Donald Trump’s international image remains poor, and ratings for the U.S. have declined since his election. Yet most people around the world still want the U.S., not China, as the world's leading power.
Overall, 38% of Americans have a favorable opinion of China, down slightly from 44% in 2017. Concerns about China include economic threats, cyberattacks, environmental damage and human rights.
A median of 92% of European students are learning a language in school. Far fewer K-12 students in the U.S. participate in foreign language education.
Studying a second foreign language for at least one year is compulsory in more than 20 European countries. In most European countries, students begin studying their first foreign language as a compulsory school subject between the ages of 6 and 9.