Thirty years ago, a wave of optimism swept across Europe as walls and regimes fell, and long-oppressed publics embraced open societies, open markets and a more united Europe. Three decades later, a new Pew Research Center survey finds that few people in the former Eastern Bloc regret the monumental changes of 1989-1991.
People see diversity and gender equality increasing in their countries but say family ties have weakened. Views on the importance of religion vary widely.
Many Europeans say the European Union promotes peace, and most think it promotes democratic values and prosperity. But they also tend to see it as inefficient, intrusive and out of touch with citizens' needs.
People across 26 countries say it is likely their country will be targeted by a cyberattack, but they are divided over whether their nation is well prepared to handle one.
Donald Trump’s international image remains poor, and ratings for the U.S. have declined since his election. Yet most people around the world still want the U.S., not China, as the world's leading power.
Across 35 nations, a median of 26% do not identify with any political party in their country. In countries where more people are unaffiliated with any political party, popular support for representative democracy is also lower.
A median of 53% in five Middle Eastern and North African countries also see Iran playing a more important role, but fewer say Israel, Saudi Arabia and Egypt have gained influence.
Across the world, a median of 78% say representative democracy is a good way to govern their country. Yet, pro-democracy views coexist with openness to nondemocratic forms of governance.
People around the world strongly disapprove of Trump’s signature policies, but his planned U.S.-Mexico border wall stands out for its unpopularity.
President Trump and many of his key policies are broadly unpopular around the globe, and ratings for the U.S. have declined steeply in many nations.