Today, most Black adults say they rely on prayer to help make major decisions, and view opposing racism as essential to their religious faith.
Six-in-ten black adults say it is important for houses of worship to address “political topics such as immigration and race relations.”
Many across Western Europe and the U.S. would be willing to accept Muslims as family or as neighbors. Yet there is no consensus on whether Islam fits into these societies.
About half of black Muslims are converts to Islam, a relatively high conversion level. Black Muslims, like black Americans overall, have high levels of religious commitment.
Many more U.S. Muslims identify with or lean toward the Democratic Party than the GOP (66% vs. 13%), but the share who are Republican has held steady over the last 10 years, including after the election of President Donald Trump.
Black Millennials are more likely than nonblack Millennials, for example, to say they pray at least daily and attend religious services at least weekly.
More Muslim adults say they fast during Ramadan than say they pray five times a day or attend mosque weekly.
Nearly eight-in-ten black Americans identify as Christian, compared with 70% of whites, 77% of Latinos and just 34% of Asian Americans.
About a quarter of adults who were raised Muslim no longer identify as members of the faith. But Islam gains about as many converts as it loses.
An estimated 3.45 million Muslims of all ages were living in the United States in 2017, accounting for about 1.1% of the country's total population.