*Visit the most recent data on U.S. Hispanics.

Characteristics of the U.S. Hispanic population: 2015

There were 56.5 million Hispanics in the United States in 2015, comprising 17.6% of the total U.S. population. In 1980, with a population of 14.8 million, Hispanics made up just 6.5% of the total U.S. population. Click on the expand buttons below the summary tables to see detailed tables for each.

Click here for a PDF of all the tables below and read the accompanying blog post, “How the U.S. Hispanic population is changing.” Download the Excel workbook.

For a profile of the foreign-born population in the United States, click here.

Population/Hispanic Origin/Nativity/Language Use/Race

Population (#) 56,476,777
Mexican 63.3%
Foreign born 34.4%
Speaking English at least very well (ages 5 and older) 69.0%
White 66.3%

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Age/Gender/Marital Status/Fertility

Median age (in years) 28
Female 49.5%
Married (ages 18 and older) 45.8%
Women ages 15-44 giving birth in past year 6.7%

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Educational Attainment and Enrollment (highest degree completed, ages 25 and older)

High school graduate or less 61.4%
Two-year degree/Some college 23.6%
Bachelor’s degree or more 15.0%

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Work/Earnings/Income (ages 16 and older)

In labor force (among civilian population) 67.0%
Median annual personal earnings (in 2015 dollars, among those with earnings) $24,000
Median annual household income (in 2015 dollars) $44,800

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Poverty/Government Assistance/Health Care

Living in poverty 21.9%
Uninsured 19.7%

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Homeownership and Household Characteristics

In family households 90.6%

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Region and Top Five States of Residence

West 40.0%
California 26.9%
South 36.9
Texas 18.9%
Florida 8.8%
Northeast 14.0%
New York 6.6%
Midwest 9.1%
Illinois 3.8%

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Source: Pew Research Center tabulations of 2015 American Community Survey (1% IPUMS)
“Statistical Portrait of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 2015”