American and Israeli Jews: Twin Portraits From Pew Research Center Surveys
Pew Research Center has surveyed Jewish adults in Israel and the U.S. and has found deep bonds between them. Nevertheless, their experiences and perspectives are very different.
Israeli Jews, Arabs have different perspectives on discrimination in their society
Israel has been a Jewish-majority country since its founding in 1948, and its treatment of religious and ethnic minorities – including some groups within the Jewish community – has persisted as a hotly debated topic throughout the nation’s history.
Israeli Arabs more optimistic about two-state solution than Arabs living in the Palestinian territories
While significant shares of Israeli Arabs and Jews are optimistic about the prospect of a two-state solution, those who would live in this new independent state – the Arabs currently in the Palestinian territories – are less optimistic about it.
What different styles of head coverings say about Israeli Jewish men
They come in several basic styles, with some more favored by particular Jewish subgroups than others.
Religious groups in Israel keep to themselves when it comes to marriages and friendships
When it comes to marriage, Israelis rarely cross religious lines.
Israeli Jews from the former Soviet Union are more secular, less religiously observant
After the fall of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, Israel’s largest wave of Jewish immigrants arrived from Russia and other former Soviet republics. These Soviet Jews brought a secular mindset to Israel, and more than two decades later, Jews who were born in the former Soviet Union continue to be noticeably less religious than Israeli Jews overall.
Women generally are more religious than men, but not everywhere
Generally, women are more likely than men to be affiliated with a religious organization; women also pray more, and are more inclined to say religion is “very important” in their lives.
A closer look at Jewish identity in Israel and the U.S.
Nearly all Jews in the United States and Israel say they are proud to be Jewish, and strong majorities in both countries say they feel a strong sense of belonging to the Jewish people. But the two Jewish communities do not always agree about what it means to be Jewish.
Unlike U.S., few Jews in Israel identify as Reform or Conservative
The two largest organized Jewish denominations in America – Reform and Conservative Judaism – together have about five times as many U.S. members as the historically much older, more strictly observant Orthodox community. But the Reform and Conservative movements have a far smaller footprint in Israel.
Among Israeli Arabs and Jews, limited optimism about a two-state solution
Public optimism among Israeli Arabs and Jews that a two-state solution is possible may be receding in Israel.