January 24, 2014

Record number of deportations in 2012


Number of immigrants deported by U.S. authorities in fiscal year 2012—a record.

The annual number of deportations reached a record 419,384 in fiscal year 2012, according to newly released data from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Between 2009 and 2012, the Obama administration deported 1.6 million immigrants. By comparison, two million immigrants were deported during the eight years of the George W. Bush administration.

The record number of deportations shows a rise in both deportations of those with a prior criminal conviction (a record 199,000), and those without a criminal conviction.

This rise in the number of deportations in fiscal year 2012 also coincides with a rise in the number of border apprehensions (mostly at the U.S.-Mexico border), which increased from 340,000 in 2011 to 365,000 in 2012.

Recently released immigration enforcement statistics by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) show that the number of deportations done by ICE agents during fiscal 2013 was down compared with 2012. Final data on the total number of deportations for 2013, including both ICE data and Customs and Border Protection (CBP) data, are not yet available.


Category: Daily Number

Topics: Unauthorized Immigration

  1. Photo of Ana Gonzalez-Barrera

    is a senior researcher focusing on Hispanics, immigration and demographics at Pew Research Center.


  1. Kelly3 years ago

    I’d be curious to see what fraction of the total deportations involves the same individual vs. how many are “unique.”

  2. gooser53 years ago


    >There we find that the total number of aliens “sent back” under first four years of the Obama administration is just over 3.2 million (not 1.93 million, as Selway wrote). This is an annual average of just over 800,000 sent back per year. Official numbers for 2013 have not been released yet, but the total will be about the same, with just over 400,000 Border patrol deportations and about 370,000 attributed to ICE.

    >That is nowhere near the totals under George Bush’s administration, which were over 10.3 million total deportations with an annual average of 1.2 million (see the table below).

    1. Gno Weih3 years ago

      “Deportation” is no longer an official legal term. Instead there are official Removals and Returns, with a clear legal distinction between them. DHS has had more Removals during Obama’s first term than during any of his predecessors terms, and fewer Returns, and the reasons for this are complicated. Here is a blog post which explains the difference between the two, and provides some context and analysis: