The outbreak has altered life in the U.S. in many ways, but in key respects it has affected black and Hispanic Americans more than others.
Racial categories, which have been on every U.S. census, have changed from decade to decade, reflecting the politics and science of the times.
The U.S. Hispanic population reached 59.9 million in 2018, up from 47.8 in 2008. A record 32 million Latinos are projected to be eligible to vote in 2020.
About six-in-ten Hispanics have experienced discrimination because of their race or ethnicity, though their experiences vary by skin color.
Many Americans say the country hasn’t gone far enough in giving black people equal rights with whites. Most believe slavery continues to impact black people’s status.
About half of U.S. Latinos say the situation for Hispanics in the U.S. has worsened over the past year, and a majority say they worry that they or someone they know could be deported.
Youth is a defining characteristic of the U.S. Latino population. Latinos ages 35 or younger accounted for well over half of the nation’s Latino population in 2016.
Hispanics are more likely than the general U.S. public to believe in the American dream – that hard work will pay off and that each generation is better off than the one prior.
The share of Latino parents who ensure the Spanish language lives on with their children declines as their immigrant connections become more distant.
High intermarriage rates and declining immigration are changing how some Americans with Hispanic ancestry see their identity. Most U.S. adults with Hispanic ancestry self-identify as Hispanic, but 11%, or 5 million, do not.