India is home to 1.4 billion people – almost one-sixth of the world’s population – who belong to a variety of ethnicities and religions. While 94% of the world’s Hindus live in India, there also are substantial populations of Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and adherents of folk religions. Here are five facts about religion in India.
Young adults tend to be less religious than their elders by several measures; the opposite is rarely true. This pattern holds true across many countries that have different religious, economic and social profiles.
Among the world's 25 most populous countries, Russia, Egypt, India, Pakistan, and Nigeria stand out as having the most restrictions on religion (as of the end of 2015) when both government restrictions and religious hostilities are taken into account.
Government restrictions on religion and social hostilities involving religion increased in 2015 for the first time in three years. Government harassment and use of force surged in Europe, as did social hostilities against Muslims.
More babies were born to Christian mothers than to members of any other religion in recent years. Less than 20 years from now, however, the number of babies born to Muslims is expected to modestly exceed births to Christians.
Americans generally express more positive feelings toward various religious groups today than they did just a few years ago.
Hindus are among the least educated of the world’s major religious groups when looked at globally, but this is not true of Hindus everywhere.
The table below details the estimated educational attainment of Christians, Muslims, Hindus, Buddhists, Jews and religiously unaffiliated adults ages 25 and older in 151 countries as of 2010 (or the latest year available).
A new Pew Research Center global demographic study shows differences in educational attainment among the world’s major religious groups.
Jews are more highly education than any other major religious group around the world, while Muslims and Hindus tend have the fewest years of formal schooling. But all religious groups are making gains, particularly among women.