A median of 45% across 34 surveyed countries say it is necessary to believe in God to be moral and have good values. However, public opinion on this question, as well as the role of God, prayer and religion varies by country, region and economic development.
Want to know more about Muslims and Islam? We’ve got an email course for you
We've distilled key findings from our data into four email mini-lessons to help people develop a better understanding of Muslims and Islam.
Key findings: How living arrangements vary by religious affiliation around the world
Globally, Muslims live in the biggest households, followed by Hindus, Christians, Buddhists, Jews and the religiously unaffiliated.
Religion and Living Arrangements Around the World
Household size and composition often vary by religious affiliation, data from 130 countries and territories reveals. Muslims and Hindus have larger households than Christians and religious “nones,” influenced in part by regional norms.
U.S. Public Views on Climate and Energy
A majority of U.S. adults say they are taking at least some specific action in their daily lives to protect the environment, though Democrats and Republicans remain at ideological odds over the causes of climate change and the effects of policies to address it.
Supporters of European populist parties stand out on key issues, from EU to Putin
A look at how supporters of European populist parties stand out on key issues, from the European Union to Putin.
In the U.S. and Western Europe, people say they accept Muslims, but opinions are divided on Islam
Many across Western Europe and the U.S. would be willing to accept Muslims as family or as neighbors. Yet there is no consensus on whether Islam fits into these societies.
The countries with the 10 largest Christian populations and the 10 largest Muslim populations
The global Muslim population is more concentrated in Islam’s main population centers than the global Christian population is for Christianity.
4 facts about religion in New Zealand
Almost all New Zealanders said in a 2011-2012 survey that they would accept a neighbor of a different religion.
British attitudes on national identity and religious minorities not unique in EU
On issues including national identity and religious minorities, views among UK adults align very closely to general opinion across the EU.
About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts.