India’s artificially wide ratio of baby boys to baby girls – which arose in the 1970s from the use of prenatal diagnostic technology to facilitate sex-selective abortions – now appears to be narrowing. Son bias has declined sharply among Sikhs, while Christians continue to have a natural balance of sons and daughters.
Indians nearly universally say it is important for women to have the same rights as men, including eight-in-ten who say this is very important.
Indians accept women as political leaders, but many favor traditional gender roles in family life.
In recent weeks, protests in India over Muslim headscarves in schools have gained international attention.
66% of women say that in the past year, they have personally thought at least some about big questions; 55% of men report the same.
Women continue to be less involved than men in mosque life in the U.S., but the pattern appears to be changing.
Women in 56 countries experienced social hostilities due to clothing that was deemed to violate religious or secular dress norms.
Research has shown that men in the United States are generally less religious than women. And while this pattern holds true among black Americans, black men are still a highly religious group.
Laws enacted in several European countries that restrict the religious clothing of Muslim women are largely in line with Western European attitudes on the issue.
Muslim societies have gained a reputation in recent decades for failing to adequately educate women. But a new analysis of Pew Research Center data on educational attainment and religion suggests that economics, not religion, is the key factor limiting the education of Muslim women.