Through an American lens, Western Europe's middle classes appear smaller
The American middle class is smaller than middle classes across Western Europe, but its income is higher.
Are you middle class in Western Europe? Try our country-by-country income calculators
As part of a new study, Pew Research Center designed income calculators to help you determine where you fit on the income ladder in Western Europe.
Are You Middle Class in Western Europe?
A Pew Research Center analysis of income data from 11 Western European countries finds considerable differences in the fortunes of the middle classes in those countries. See where you fall on your country's income ladder.
7 key findings on the state of the middle class in Western Europe
The fortunes of the middle classes across Western Europe are moving in different directions. Some nations are experiencing both growing incomes and expanding middle classes, while other nations are witness to stagnant or declining incomes and shrinking middle classes, a new Pew Research Center analysis of 11 Western European countries has found. But in a few other countries studied, the middle-class shares are decreasing even as incomes overall are rising.
Middle Class Fortunes in Western Europe
From 1991 to 2010, the middle class expands in France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, but, as in the United States, shrinks in Germany, Italy and Spain
Key findings about Puerto Rico
To mark the 100th anniversary of the U.S. government granting American citizenship to the residents of Puerto Rico, here are key facts about the territory.
Many lower-income Republicans see ensuring health coverage for all as a government responsibility
Lower-income Republicans are somewhat more likely than higher-income Republicans to support the Affordable Care Act, and many say ensuring health care coverage for all is a government responsibility.
6 facts about black Americans for Black History Month
Over the past 40 years, blacks have made progress on several fronts. Yet large racial gaps persist in areas such as wealth and poverty.
5 facts about the minimum wage
While the idea of raising the minimum wage is broadly popular, efforts to do so at the national level have stalled. We gathered key facts looking at the issue.
GOP gained ground in middle-class communities in 2016
Although many middle-class areas voted for Barack Obama in 2008, they overwhelmingly favored Donald Trump in 2016, a shift that was a key to his victory.
About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts.