Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World

Key facts about Hispanic eligible voters in 2024

Latinos have grown at the second-fastest rate of any major racial and ethnic group in the U.S. electorate since the last presidential election. An estimated 36.2 million are eligible to vote this year, up from 32.3 million in 2020. This represents 50% of the total growth in eligible voters during this time.

A chart showing that the Hispanic eligible voter population is projected at 36.2 million in 2024, up almost 4 million from 2020.

Every year, about 1.4 million Hispanics in the U.S. become eligible to vote.

Although then-President Donald Trump made gains among Hispanics in 2020, a majority of Latino voters (59%) voted for current President Joe Biden that year, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of validated voters. In presidential elections, turnout rates among Hispanic Americans have typically trailed those of some other groups.

As the next presidential election approaches, here are five key facts about Hispanic eligible voters in the United States, based on our own projections for 2024, as well as Census Bureau data for previous years. (Eligible voters in this analysis are defined as citizens ages 18 and older residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Not all eligible voters are actually registered to vote. Detailed demographic information about Hispanic eligible voters is available in the drop-down box at the bottom of this post.)

How we did this

This post is one in a series that explores the eligible voter population in the United States in 2024. For this analysis, we examine the detailed demographics and geographic distribution of Hispanic Americans who were eligible to vote in the U.S. in 2022, with projections of the eligible voter population in November 2024.

“Eligible voters” refers to U.S. citizens ages 18 and over. The analysis focuses on persons living in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. In this analysis, Hispanics are those who self-identify as Hispanic or Latino and can be of any race; the Black and Asian populations include persons identifying with only one race, more than one race and both Hispanics and non-Hispanics.  

The analysis is based on data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Surveys from 2022, 2020, 2016, 2012 and 2008, and the 2000 U.S. decennial census provided through Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) from the University of Minnesota.

Projections for November 2024 are based on population projections by race, Hispanic origin and nativity developed by the Census Bureau together with data from the American Community Surveys (IPUMS) of 2010-2022. Projected values of the share who are U.S. citizens by age are based on trends drawn from the 2010-2022 American Community Surveys (IPUMS).

Latinos are projected to account for 14.7% of all eligible voters in November 2024, a new high. This share has steadily increased over the past two decades and is up from 13.6% in 2020. In 2000, by comparison, Hispanics made up just 7.4% of U.S. eligible voters.

Line and bar chart showing Latinos are projected to make up 14.7% of U.S. eligible voters in 2024, a new high

The number of Hispanic eligible voters has increased from 32.3 million in 2020 to a projected 36.2 million in November 2024. This in turn is a 153% increase since 2000, when 14.3 million Hispanics were eligible.

California is home to a quarter of all Hispanic eligible voters. Some 8.5 million out of the nation’s 33.7 million Hispanic eligible voters, or 25%, lived in California as of 2022. The next biggest states by number of Latino eligible voters are Texas (6.5 million), Florida (3.5 million), New York (2.2 million) and Arizona (1.3 million).

Together, these five states hold about two-thirds (65%) of all Hispanic eligible voters.

A bar chart showing that California and Texas were among states with the highest number and share of Hispanic eligible voters in 2022.

In New Mexico, 45% of all eligible voters are Latino, the highest share of any state. New Mexico is also the only state in which Latinos make up a higher share of the total eligible voter population than any other racial or ethnic group. This includes Americans who are White alone and non-Hispanic, who account for 40% of New Mexico’s eligible voters.

Heat map showing % of eligible voters who are Latino by state in 2022. New Mexico, California and Texas have the highest shares of eligible voters who are Latino

In California and Texas, Hispanics are about a third of the eligible voter population (33% and 32%, respectively).

California and Texas are also the only states where non-Hispanics who are White and no other race make up a plurality, but not a majority, of the eligible voter population (42% in California and 47% in Texas). In both states, Hispanics hold the second-highest share among major racial and ethnic groups.

The states with the next-largest Latino shares of eligible voters are Arizona (25%), Nevada (22%), Florida (22%), Colorado (17%) and New Jersey (16%).

A narrow majority of Latinos in the U.S. are eligible to vote. A little over half of all Latinos (53%) were eligible to vote in 2022.

Bar chart showing % of Latinos eligible to vote, by states with highest and lowest shares in 2022. 53% of Latinos in the U.S. are eligible to vote, but the share varies widely by state

But the share varies widely by states with a Latino population of 50,000 or more. In New Mexico, 66% of Hispanics are eligible to vote. By contrast, Tennessee (36%) and Maryland (39%) had the lowest percentage of Latinos among eligible voters.

Latinos are considerably less likely than Americans overall to be eligible to vote (53% vs. 72%). This is partly because the nation’s Latino population includes a large number of people who are too young to vote or who are not U.S. citizens:

  • 29% of Latinos are under 18, compared with 22% of the U.S. overall.
  • 19% of Latinos are not U.S. citizens, compared with 6% of the total U.S. population.

Latino immigrants who are not eligible to vote include permanent residents (green card holders) and those in the process of becoming permanent residents; those in the U.S. on temporary visas; and unauthorized immigrants.

Hispanic eligible voters tend to be younger than eligible voters overall. Only 33% of Latino eligible voters are ages 50 and older, compared with 48% of all U.S. eligible voters.

A table showing the demographics of Hispanic eligible voters vs. all eligible voters in 2022.

Latino eligible voters differ from the broader electorate in other ways, too. For example, 21% of Hispanic eligible voters have a bachelor’s degree or more education, compared with 33% of U.S. eligible voters overall.

Detailed data on Hispanic eligible voters by state in 2022
A table showing detailed data on Hispanic eligible voters by state in 2022.
A continuation of the detailed data on Hispanic eligible voters by state in 2022.